How did David Hume influence Noam Chomsky

381 Epilogue Across Subject Boundaries Noam Chomsky & Bandy X. Lee The subject knowledge that gives weight to professional opinion can also limit it. The benefits of knowing a particular area can also blind you to the need for other perspectives. For this reason, professionals should not just speak their minds, but speak to one another across disciplines. For the following reason I turned to the linguist and philosopher-historian Dr. Elaborately, Noam Chomsky: Regarding the severity of the risks presented in this book, other methods have come to similar conclusions, which can be strong confirmation. He has criticized both Democrats and Republicans. Socially engaged as he was, his contributions as a cognitive scientist have been outstanding and continuous over several decades, and he remains above all a scholar and teacher. While we do not count him among the twenty-seven mental health experts who contributed to the opinions in this volume, we respect him as just another professional to start a conversation with. In response, he offered to revise excerpts from some of his earlier interviews for the purpose of this epilogue. Bandy Lee It's pretty clear what is responsible for the growing support for Trump, and there is general agreement about that. If you just look at economic statistics, much of the support for Trump comes from mostly white working class people who fell by the wayside during the period of neoliberalism. They have lived through a generation of stagnation or decline - real men's incomes are roughly where they were in the 1960s. There has also been a decline in functioning democracy, overwhelming evidence that their own elected representatives barely reflect their interests and concerns. 382 Noam Chomsky & Bandy X. Lee Contempt for institutions, especially Congress, has just skyrocketed. Meanwhile, of course, prosperity was being created. This has been divided into very few hands: mostly a fraction of the top one percent, which is why there is enormous wealth. Humanity faces two tremendous dangers. We are in a situation where we must decide whether humanity will survive in any acceptable form. One danger is the increasing danger of nuclear war, which is very serious, and the other is environmental disaster. Trump practically wants to turn off the environmental protection agency, the legacy of Richard Nixon, to cut regulations and rush to the abyss as quickly as possible. With regard to militarism, he wants to increase the military budget, which already accounts for more than half of the discretionary spending, which is currently leading to disputes that could be extremely dangerous (Newmann, 2016). The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists regularly brings together a group of scientists, policy advisors, and other eminent people to try to come up with some sort of estimate of how the world is doing. The question is: how close are we to the end of humanity? And they have a clock, the Judgment Day clock. If it strikes midnight, we'll be finished. The end of mankind and much else. And the question every year is: How far is the minute hand from midnight? In the beginning, in 1947, the beginning of the atomic age, it was seven minutes to midnight. Since then, he's moved forward and back again. It came closest to midnight in 1953. In 1953, both the United States and Russia detonated hydrogen bombs, which pose an extremely serious threat to survival. ICBMs were developed. Indeed, that was the first serious threat to the security of the United States. At that time the minute hand was within two minutes of midnight. And since then he has wandered back and forth. In 2014, for the first time, analysts took into account something that had been ignored: the fact that the atomic age - the beginning of the atomic age - coincided with the beginning of a new geological age called the Anthropocene. There has been some controversy about the age when human activity drastically affects the general environment; There was also an episode of 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 383 epilogue about its beginning. But the World Geological Organization has agreed on the conclusion that it is roughly the same time as the beginning of the atomic age. So we are in these two ages, in which the possibility of human survival is completely at stake, and with us, of course, all other life - most living beings, which are already under a very massive threat. Well, a few years ago the bulletin started taking this into account and pushed the minute hand to three minutes to midnight, where it stayed last year. After about a week of Trump's tenure, the clock was turned back to two and a half minutes to midnight. She hasn't been that close since 1953. And that means the extinction of humanity is a completely open question. I do not want to suggest that this is solely due to the influence of the Republican Party - this is obviously wrong - but they certainly have the lead in openly advocating and working for the destruction of humanity. I admit that this is a very outrageous claim (Goodman & González, 2017), but there is an extremely powerful dynamic behind it and we are all responsible. Sooner or later, the white working-class electorate will, in fact, much of the rural population will recognize that the promises are built on sand. They have no substance. And what happens then will be decisive. To maintain its popularity, the Trump administration will have to try to find means to generate support and to steer the discourse from the policy measures they carry out, which are essentially wrecking balls, to something else. Perhaps in the form of scapegoat thinking by saying, "Well, I'm sorry, I can't bring your jobs back because these bad people are preventing it." And typical scapegoat thinking is aimed at vulnerable people: immigrants, " Terrorists «, Muslims and elite groups, whoever it is. And that can be utterly ghastly. I think we shouldn't ignore the possibility that there might be some type of staged or perceived terrorist attack that can transform the country in an instant (Frel, 2017). In the United States, power rests largely, and increasingly, in the hands of a very narrow sector of corporate wealth, personal wealth, and political influence groups - and these have their counterparts elsewhere that agree with them partially interact with them. There is another dimension of "who rules the world". The public can and sometimes has tremendous power. We can draw on David Hume's first great modern work on political philosophy: Of the First Principles of Government. He pointed out that violence is on the side of the ruled. Those who are governed have violence when they are ready to do so and strive to recognize the possibility of it. Sometimes they do (Newman, 2016). Perhaps the movements we witnessed, beginning with the Women’s March the day after inauguration, represent the intrinsic force of humanity that resists annihilation and seeks health and survival. As Dr. Chomsky, who has worked tirelessly to inform and engage the public, we as mental health and healing professionals should welcome and support any action in this direction, regardless of political affiliation. Bandy Lee Literature Frel, J. (2017). Noam Chomsky: If Trump Falters with Supporters, Don't Put ›Aside the Possibility‹ of a ›Staged or Alleged Terrorist Attack‹. Alternet, March 27, right-wing / noam-chomsky-it-fair-worry-about-trump-staging-false-terrorist-attack. Goodman, A. & González, J. (2017). Full Interview: Noam Chomsky on Trump’s First 75 Days & Much More. Democracy Now, April 4, full-interview-noam-chomsky-on-democracy. Newman, C. (2016). Noam Chomsky Full Length Interview: Who Rules the World Now? Channel 4 News, May 14, t8wQg9av3Wtu_xhZaAcTi4lF1M. The author Noam Chomsky, Ph. D., is a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which he joined in 1955. Dr. Chomsky has written and lectured extensively on linguistics, philosophy, the history of ideas, contemporary issues, international affairs, and US foreign policy. He has received numerous honorary doctorates and awards. His more recent 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 385 afterword books include among others The Essential Chomsky . Collective Druck-Reif, Munich: Kunstmann, 2008); How the World Works; 9–11: What are the alternatives? (German: The Attack: Background and Consequences, translated by M. Haupt, Hamburg and others: Europa-Verlag, 2002); On Western Terrorism: From Hiroshima to Drone Warfare (together with Andre Vltchek; German: The Terrorism of the Western World, translated by S. Wunderlich, 3rd edition, Münster: Unrast, 2017); What Kind of Creatures Are We? (German: What kind of creatures are we ?, translated by M.Schiffmann, Berlin: Suhrkamp, ​​2016); Why Only Us: Language and Evolution (together with Robert C. Berwick); Who Rules the World (German: Who rules the world ?, translated by K.-H. Dürr, N. Juraschitz & H. Kober, Berlin: Ullstein, 2017) and Requiem for the American Dream (German: Requiem for the American dream, translated by G. Gockel & T. Wollermann, Munich: Verlag Antje Kunstmann, 2017). 2016 · 356 pages · paperback ISBN 978-3-8379-2506-7 What are the consequences for society if the ego is not the “master of one's own home”? In selected current social topics, Dieter Flader shows current unsolved problems and their causes and backgrounds and uses examples such as bullying, organizational management and the debate about climate change to demonstrate how the mentally unconscious affects social behavior. Flader's study is based on the concept of "action signatures of the unconscious" which he developed and which is based on Freud's concept of "unconscious sense". The focus is on the ego as a psychological instance at which longings, fears and hurts from childhood are updated into adulthood, which in addition to private conflicts also gives rise to social problems. In this way, the author not only succeeds in analyzing problems precisely, but also in developing new perspectives and approaches to solutions. Walltorstr. 10 · 35390 Giessen · Tel. 0641-969978-18 · Fax 0641-969978-19 [email protected] · Psychosozial-Verlag Dieter Flader From bullying to the climate debate How the unconscious determines social behavior 323 pages · Hardcover ISBN 978-3-8379-2499-2 “A very ambitious book that tries to explore what it means to lead a valuable life in the modern world.” Irvin Yalom The individual is today with the social guiding principle confronted, everything is possible and every goal achievable. This leads to a widespread fear of not tapping one's full potential and of leading an insignificant, unsuccessful life. This makes it difficult to develop a stable sense of self-worth. The predominance of a commercialized self-help culture of self-optimization prevents intensive preoccupation with fundamental existential questions. With the help of philosophical, psychological, sociological and economic theories, Carlo Strenger analyzes and criticizes this development in a unique way and shows how a meaningful lifestyle can be achieved through active recognition of one's own self and serious intellectual confrontation with one's own view of the world. In doing so, he not only draws on the knowledge of many important thinkers, but also on his experiences as a psychotherapist. Walltorstr. 10 · 35390 Giessen · Tel. 0641-969978-18 · Fax 0641-969978-19 [email protected] · Psychosozial-Verlag Carlo Strenger The fear of insignificance Life in the globalized world Make sense 2011 · 440 pages · Brochure ISBN 978-3-8379-2152-6 Social power is an irresistible attraction for people suffering from narcissistic personality disorder. Career obsession, unbridled self-centeredness, winning mentality and size fantasies are characteristics that pave the way for the narcissistically disturbed personality to the switching points of economic or political power. By preferably surrounding themselves with yes-sayers, admirers and shrewd manipulators, they gain confirmation of their self-image, but they undermine their self-perception and solidify their illusionary relationship to the world, which is shaped by enemy images. Inciting xenophobia and violence against scapegoats is one of the preferred domination techniques of narcissistically disturbed leaders. Blinded by his own size and omnipotence fantasies, the narcissist loses contact with social reality and ultimately has to fail. Closely linked to the loss of reality is the turning away from the norms, values ​​and ideals to which the manager is actually committed. Obsession with power, unscrupulousness and cynicism can lead to brutal misanthropy in a narcissistic despot. With the help of detailed case studies - Uwe Barschel, Helmut Kohl, Joschka Fischer and Slobodan Milosevic - the author analyzes the entanglements between individual psychopathology and the ethnic, religious and cultural identity conflicts of the surrounding group. Walltorstr. 10 35390 Giessen Tel. 0641-969978-18 Fax 0641-969978-19 [email protected] Psychosozial-Verlag Hans-Jürgen Wirth Narcissism and power For the psychoanalysis of mental disorders in the Politics Bandy X. Lee, MD, M.Div., Is an Assistant Clinical Professor in Law and Psychiatry at the Yale School of Medicine. She teaches at Yale Law School, co-founded the Violence and Health Study Group in Yale and leads a violence prevention program for the World Health Organization (Violence Prevention Alliance collaboraters project).,! 7ID8D7-jchjhj! Hardly anyone now believes that Donald Trump will give up his bizarre behavior in the course of his presidency and become more accessible to rational thinking. 27 American psychiatrists, psychologists and therapists explain why someone like Trump is absolutely incapable of office and should never have been entrusted with the power of the American president. In doing so, they are breaking an important ethical basic rule of their profession, which prohibits them from attesting public figures to a mental or spiritual illness, that is, without making a remote diagnosis without a previous diagnostic examination. They see the reason for the decision to give up their professional neutrality in their "duty to warn the public." In exciting articles, the authors examine the narcissistic character traits, the psychopathological symptoms and the bizarre actions of Trump, which in view of his abundance of power actually represent an acute danger not only for the USA but for the whole world. With contributions by Noam Chomsky, Howard H. Covitz, Lance Dodes, William J. Doherty, Edwin B. Fisher, Henry J. Friedman, John D. Gartner, Nanette Gartrell, James Gilligan, Leonard L. Glass, James A. Herb, Judith Lewis Herman, Diane Jhueck, Luba Kessler, Bandy X. Lee, Robert Jay Lifton, Craig Malkin, Elizabeth Mika, Dee Mosbacher, Jennifer Contarino Panning, David M. Reiss, Tony Schwartz, Gail Sheehy, Thomas Singer, Rosemary Sword, Michael J. Tansey, Betty P. Teng, Harper West, Steve Wruble and Philipp Zimbardo Pages (content): 385, Pages (print): 388; Printer: booksfactory Inkjet => spine: 34 mm; Book block format: 148 x 210 mm; Binding: Hardcover ISBN 978-3-8379-2797-9