Will humans evolve into a super species?

As Super species or Species group In the systematics of biology (cladistics), a group of several monophyletic species with the same or similar characteristics, which can be diagnosed differently and whose areas of distribution border one another (parapatric distribution). However, there is no or at least limited gene exchange along their contact zones. In some cases, similar geographically separated species (allopatric distribution), in which reproductive isolation can only be assumed, are combined into one superspecies.

A superspecies thus represents a taxonomic intermediate stage between species and genus that is supplemented in special cases.

The forerunner of the concept of super-species is Otto Kleinschmidt's "circle of forms". Ernst Mayr first introduced the term “super species” in 1931; the meaning of the new term originally corresponded exactly to the meaning of Kleinschmidt's circle of forms in taxonomic terms. The meaning of superspecies that is common today differs slightly from Mayr’schen, since the term, as well as the term species, has since been subject to a change in meaning. The distinction between a superspecies and a polytypic species, i.e. a species with several subspecies, is difficult and controversial in some cases.

See also

literature

  • Siegfried Eck: The development of super-specific terms in zoological taxonomy since the turn of the century. In: Biological review 16, 1978, pp. 119-132.
  • Hans-Peter Gensichen: Otto Kleinschmidt's theory of forms: zoogeography, systematics, evolutionary research, anthropology. In: Biological review 17, 1979, pp. 73-84.

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