What is writer Madame Dudevant's real name

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to pursue a truth by arguing back and forth. The results seem to her to be more certain and more important than the dialectical movement of the same.

Madame Dudevant and George Sand are very different characters indeed. The woman is very different from the writer in her principles and feelings. Madame Dudevant is an exemplary housewife and mother, George Sand a demonic nature who threw a wild torch into society. It is trivial to speak of the immorality of George Sand’s novels. But no one will deny that these novels are carried by a provocative spirit that strongly polemicizes the existing laws of society.

The main works of this woman: Indiana, Valentine, Jacques and Lelia, in a sense, make contributions to the pathology of marriage; they are cries of pain from self-felt suffering. The self-confessions that the writer makes with regard to her are interesting. She came back sad from a trip to Italy. "Why am I tied to the human family? that shouldn't be my lot. God had given me a silent and irrepressible pride, a deep hatred of everything unjust, an invincible devotion to the oppressed! My senses did not entice me to love, my heart did not know what it was. Why inextricable fetters for me, oh my God? And yet, how beneficial they would have been for me if a heart like mine had supported them! No, no, I wasn't made to be a poet, I was made to love. This is the misfortune of my lot that I have become an artist have been made! I want to live humanly, I hold a heart: it was torn from my chest. I was left with only one head, a head full of noise and pain, full of horrific memories and images of sadness. And because I wrote stories to earn the bread that was denied me and because I remembered being unhappy and because I dared to say that there are wretched beings in marriage as a result of weakness, which is commanded to the woman, and the rudeness which is permitted to the man; because I have uncovered the shamefulness that society veils and veils with the cloak of abuse: that is why I have been declared immoral and treated as if I were an enemy of the human race. "

Later on I will talk more about the social novels and dramatic works of George Sand.

The Voigtland and the Voigtlanders.

In addition to the German districts, flooded by the great current of the world of travel enthusiasts and therefore well-known, there are still many small corners of the earth in the great fatherland that deserve to be known better because they still have a piece of German and German life in their name, custom and dialect Peculiarity, in spite of the all-leveling power of modern times, as a precious inheritance of the fathers has been faithfully preserved. We want to introduce our readers today to such a corner of the German fatherland, with the wish and hope that they will not regret having followed us there.

The Voigtland (in the documents of the Middle Ages:) one called, since about the 11th century, the area, which is formed from the river area of ​​the white Elster to Weida, and the areas lying at the sources of the Saale and the Zwickaner Mulde, and thus the the present Voigtland district of the Kingdom of Saxony, the Reussian principalities, most of the Bavarian Upper Franconia and some localities of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar and the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. Around the ninth and tenth centuries this area belonged to the Slavic tribes of the Sorbs and Wends who had penetrated up to this point[1] wrested back and placed under the administration of imperial officials, who carried the name: "of the Holy Roman Empire Voigte" (in Latin documents) as an official title. With the account of the political changes that affected this area over the centuries - how the Voigts dignity in the family of the "Reussians" became a hereditary fiefdom part of the crown of Bohemia, part of the emperor and empire, as if by inheritance, barter, sale the individual parts of the territory were soon torn apart, soon reunited, like the descendants of the new imperial princes, who now as "Voigte and Lords of Plauen" have all been named Heinrich for more than 800 years, now as Prince Reus; older and younger lines belong to the smallest sovereigns of the German Confederation - we don't want to tire our readers and only mention that the current Voigtland district of the Kingdom of Saxony first came through pledge and then through sale in 1569 to the then Kurhaus Sachsen and has remained unchanged since then remained Saxon.

This circle, which was struck with the newer Polish division of Saxony into the Zwickau district directorate, but in addition to some special institutions that were left to it, such as B. the special district estates, who like to keep the old name, are currently called Voigtland in the narrower sense and preferentially, while the other parts of the formerly so-called larger area have almost completely lost this designation. This Voigtland, which we have only in mind here, extends from the borders of Bavaria and Bohemia north and east to the Russian areas and the Ore Mountains, and covers an area of ​​25 square miles with more than 100,000 inhabitants. The little country, which according to its natural constitution is divided into the south-eastern forest area and the north-western country area, has otherwise been widely criticized by the inhabitants of the fat Saxon Netherlands and honored with the nickname of Saxon Siberia. But it is in fact better and more beautiful than its reputation, which at all may only have attracted it from the cursory glance with which the traveler on the other great post road that leads from Leipzig to Nuremberg used to look at it. In favor of some knights' seats, this road was led in the most inexpedient manner over the highest mountains and through the most desolate areas of the Voigtland about fifty years ago, instead of allowing them to follow the natural path of the river valleys, and whoever entered the province near the town of Reichenbach and had a look Throwing at the dark forests and the rough abysses that were just staring at him here, the area must of course give the impression of gloomy inhospitableness; The first impression, however, is always the strongest and most lasting in areas, as in people.

Now that the railroad cuts through the little country or, more correctly, circumnavigates it at its north-western border, even the casual traveler receives a completely different, more appealing picture of the hill country, which is by no means poor in natural beauty. The view from the window of the coupé already opens up to him from the height of the huge Göltzschthalbrücke the view of a friendly valley with the town of Mylau and the height crowned with the old imperial castle Sigismund's, then from the almost equally high Elstertbalbrücke near Jocketa a glimpse into wildly romantic, Thalschluchten enlivened by the Elster rushing along scattered boulders, and finally, from the plateau near Reuth, a wide view of a large part of the Voigtland with a multitude of friendly villages and the stately, distant, shining town of Plauen.

But if you first grab the walking stick and the Elsterthal from the idyllic seaside resort of Elster, nestled between darkly wooded mountain walls on green meadows, to “Steinicht” or “Voigtland Switzerland”, a valley that extends for half an hour between rugged, picturesque rock faces the end of which the newly built town of Elsterberg, next to its old castle ruins, beckons towards him from the mountains, vigorous pilgrimage through, to squeeze through dusky forest ravines - who the splendor of one

  1. ↑ Many place names in the area, such as: Chrieschwitz, Möschwitz, Planschwitz etc. still give evidence of their Slavic origins. Even the name of the city of Plauen, although more German in sound, is actually Slavic; in the oldest documents the place is called: "Stadt an der Plawe", which latter word means a wide valley plain.