Exists the nonexistence of mermaids

Atheism and its nuances

Religious freedom is perhaps one of the most complicated freedoms for people as many societies still do not allow it. In our article today we are going to talk about the different types of atheism and what they mean.

Last update: January 17, 2021

atheism is the belief that there is no God or no divine being. Sounds easy right? Before I began my research on the subject, I thought that would be the case; and that the classification would only be complicated for non-atheists. However, I realized that nothing could be further from the truth. Hence, today we are going to talk about the nuances of the atheism speak.

There are different types of atheism. The "non-belief" is not the same everywhere in the world, nor do everyone follow the same kind of atheism.

I think this variability is related to the atheists' fear of appearing like believers themselves. While that may sound insulting, it's more of a disapproval of everyone dogmatic or extreme position.

Yet atheism sometimes falls into the category of religious fundamentalism. In general, the overarching goal of atheism is to build a secular society in which belief in religion is the Believe in Santa Claus equals. In other words, a belief without a scientific basis.

However, this does not automatically mean that it is negative as long as the classification is correct, namely as a belief. A secular state is one that allows this type of comparison, although there is always an opportunity to offend someone. In a religious society, a person could be executed for expressing such an idea.

Atheism: a nuanced form of disbelief

Philosophers like Antony Flew and Michael Martin flesh out some of the nuances of atheism. They differentiate between positive atheism (strong) and negative atheism (weak).

  • Positive atheism is the conscious affirmation that there are no gods.
  • Negative atheism is not the belief that there are no gods, but rather an unbelief.

Positive atheism is therefore a general term used to describe atheists who say "God does not exist“Accept it as true. You could say that positive atheism took its time to confirm that God does not exist with evidence. On the other hand, a negative atheist might say "I don't believe in God" because they may not even see it as an idea to be refuted.

Agnosticism, on the other hand, is all about uncertainty. Agnostics do not know whether God exists or not; they say that humans do not have the knowledge to confirm or refute its existence. Lots of people think that the agnosticism how atheism is to cowards. That's because they argue that something should be believed, be it rational or not.

You cannot argue against the fact that we have rational means of distinguishing between the real and the imaginary (like fairies and mermaids). However, we cannot openly deny the non-existence of God in the real world.

Separating these different meanings of the word could help you better understand the different types of justifications that exist for the range of atheist beliefs. So an argument may work for one type of atheism, but not for another.

Social stigma, political pressure and intolerance make it difficult to estimate the number of atheists in the world. There could be billions!

The justification for atheism

Another nuance of atheism is how different people justify it. There is much controversy about what information is available, what it means, and how we should interpret it. In addition, there are meta-epistemological concerns about the role of argument, belief, and religiosity in human life.

The idea of ​​atheism can be found not only in the argument that the evidence speaks of no God, but also in the defense of the wider need for evidence-based beliefs.

Atheists have argued that there is no point in believing in a supernatural being as there is no evidence to the contrary. With that in mind, they argue that it would also be unreasonable to believe that you have cancer because there is no evidence to the contrary here either.

Is it logical to debate God?

We are looking at other approaches to atheism. A number of arguments are what experts sometimes call deductive atheology exercises. They come to the conclusion that the existence of God is impossible.

Another group of important and influential arguments falls into the category of inductive atheology. These probabilistic arguments bring the natural world into play, as well as common suffering, disbelief, and biological and cosmological discoveries.

Another approach is non-cognitivist atheism, which denies the idea that God is meaningful or has prepositional content that could be evaluated in terms of truth or falsehood. Instead, religious acts are more of a complication of emotions or an expression of spiritual passion.

On the other hand, inductive and deductive approaches are cognitivistic in the sense that they accept that affirmations about God are meaningful and can be called either true or false.


The question of whether or not God exists extends across positions relating to biology, physics, metaphysics, philosophy of science, ethics, philosophy of language, and epistemology. The plausibility of atheism depends on the general adaptation of an entire conceptual and explanatory description of the world.

On a personal level, I think that God can be different for everyone. I am not interested in the religious conception of God because they my existential problems does not solve. In other words, it is above all a personal and subjective decision. In every progressive society, both positions should therefore be able to coexist.

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