Which season is better winter or summer

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation BfN

The "phenological year" is divided into 10 seasons. They are characterized by the development of very specific "pointer plants". Here you will find a few examples from the phenological calendar, on which you can read off the seasons yourself.

1. Early springG

Hazelnut and snowdrop flowers, later white willow

2. First spring

At the time of the sweet cherry, blackthorn and maple also bloom, while the other deciduous trees are not yet stirring. The forsythia blooms.

3. Full spring

Full spring is arriving with the apple and lilac blossom

4. Early summer

With the beginning of flowering of the grasses, early summer sets in. The hay harvest also falls in this time of early summer.

5. Midsummer

When the linden trees bloom and the currants ripen in the garden, then midsummer comes. The phenological course of the year is at the turn of late summer, when the first heather flowers appear.

6. Late summer

Ripe time for early apples and mountain ash

7. Early autumn

When the autumn crocus blooms and the elderberries ripen. In the coming weeks, the pears in particular will be harvested and, towards the end of this season, the house plums.

8. Full autumn

When the horse chestnuts, acorns, beechnuts and walnuts ripen. The second half of full autumn is characterized by the general discoloration of the leaves on all trees growing in the wild (e.g. horse chestnut, red beech, birch, oak, ash) and by the leaf fall on the fruit trees.

9. Late autumn

As soon as the wild trees shed their leaves. When the beets are harvested and the winter crops soon rise, the phenological year is drawing to a close.

10. Winter

After the leaf falls, dormancy begins.