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What do wild boars look like?
Wild boars have a wedge-shaped head; the snout itself is blunt and ends in a trunk. The eyes and ears are quite small.
The head changes into a massive body with almost no neck and is covered with a brown-black bristle fur. A short tail dangles behind.
Wild boars can weigh up to 200 kilograms and can grow to be almost a meter tall.
The males, called boars, are easy to recognize by their long teeth: the canines protrude from the boar's mouth at the top and bottom.
They grind each other into sharp weapons. The females - the so-called brooks - also have canine teeth; but these teeth are shorter than those of the males.
Where do wild boars live?
The wild boar is common all over Europe. In the south his home extends to North Africa. In the east the range of the wild boar ends in the western regions of Asia.
Two things are particularly important to the wild boar: It has to be able to hide and it loves the water. Otherwise, wild boars easily adapt to their surroundings.
They live on the banks of the lake, in reed belts, swamps, rice fields and forests. And they even colonize tropical coasts or areas in the high mountains.
What species of wild boar are there?
As the name suggests, the wild boar belongs to the pigs.
More than 5000 years ago, humans made the wild boar their pet.
The various breeds of domestic pigs are descended from the wild boar. Pigs have been bred for around 200 years, so many new breeds have emerged.
How old do wild boars get?
Wild boars can live up to 30 years in captivity. In freedom, however, they often only reach an age of eight to twelve years.
How do wild boars live?
Wild boars are real powerhouses that run fast and can easily find their way through the thicket with their wedge-shaped head and body.
Sometimes they cover distances of up to 20 kilometers on their forays. They can also swim for miles and have good hearing.
They also have a very fine sense of smell. With it, wild boars can even smell truffle mushrooms that lie deep in the ground.
Friends and enemies of the wild boar
The wild boar hardly has any natural enemies, because humans have largely exterminated animals such as wolf, bear and lynx.
How do wild boars reproduce?
In November, the wild boar can tell by its smell that the brooks are ready to mate again. He joins the Rotte, the family association of wild boars, and fights violently over the brooks with boars of the same age or strength. The younger boars prefer to leave or be chased away.
The gestation period of the brook lasts four to five months. Shortly before giving birth, she sets herself apart from the crowd.
In a sheltered place, it digs a hollow in the ground, which it then padded. Three to twelve baby babies are born in it.
The young animals have hair from the start and can already see.
They weigh between 800 and 1,100 grams and are suckled for about three months.
Newborns are easy to recognize because they initially have a special drawing: several light brown vertical stripes run along the dark brown fur.
At the age of about six months, the drawing of the newborn disappears.
The animals become sexually mature at nine to 18 months. They are fully grown after two to five years.
If there is enough food, brooks can become pregnant several times in a year.
How do wild boars communicate?
When danger is imminent, the wild boars snort; this snort is also called "blowing".
Before the animals flee, they often let out a puff that is reminiscent of the barking of dogs.
Otherwise, they grunt at every opportunity. The little rookies, on the other hand, squeak when something doesn't suit them.
What do wild boars eat?
Wild boars are omnivores. In autumn they eat acorns, chestnuts and nuts. In spring they feed on bracken, hogweed and various grasses.
They also dig in the ground to add variety to the menu.
They dig for roots, mouse nests and white grubs. But the wild boars don't leave mushrooms, tubers and carrion lying around either.
In other regions of the world, wild boars also eat mussels, crabs, fish and bananas.
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