How can I get a donkey
General - Esel Edenbauer
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- A donkey is one of the most charming pets you can get.
- Donkeys are one of man's oldest domestic animals.
- In terms of social behavior, donkeys are geared towards loosely structured, small groups with a weak hierarchy. They are not outspoken herd animals like horses.
- When keeping a donkey, you must NOT follow the rules of keeping horses in order not to harm the donkey.
- In addition to the purely external differences to horses, donkeys have some peculiarities that are not recognizable at first glance.
- In contrast to horses, donkeys have five instead of six lumbar vertebrae.
- Donkeys have 31 pairs of chromosomes, horses have 32.
- The body temperature is slightly lower in donkeys, averaging 37 ° C instead of 37.5 to 38.2 ° C.
- The gestation period is longer for donkeys than for horses. On average it is 365 to 370 days compared to 330 days for horses.
- The donkey's ears are much larger than those of the horse's ears.
- Horses tend to flee in stressful situations, donkeys often stop dead in their tracks.
- A donkey can survive much longer than a horse without food and water.
- Donkeys have a higher level of pain tolerance than horses and so the vet is sometimes called too late in the event of health problems.
- Unfortunately, it is widely believed that donkeys are stupid, lazy and stubborn.
- But exactly the opposite is the case. Their apparent stubbornness is rather a weighing of dangerous situations and has nothing to do with stupidity.
- Instead of reacting like a horse with an instinct to flee, the donkey prefers to stand still and weigh up the situation.
- Donkeys can be trained to be wonderful and loyal companions and therapists with a lot of love and devotion.
- But a donkey also likes to make itself useful: children can ride it, it willingly pulls light carriages and would never let you down even on trekking tours in nature and will always be by your side as a loyal and lovable friend!
- He will thank you for every little gift, no matter how small, with boundless affection and loyalty. As nice as that sounds, it should also be remembered that the donkey also needs one or the other care and cannot and should not simply be used as a quick birthday present for "my grandchildren"!
- Above all, it should be remembered that a donkey will be by our side for half our lives, i.e. 40 years!
- For this reason alone, a donkey is not allowed to wander from one owner to the next, just because the purchase was too rash.
- The donkeys are often mirrors of our souls and teach us that it can be better to stop and think a moment longer than to act hastily and rashly. A walk with a donkey shows us nature again with different and more attentive eyes.
So that you don't feel like you're on smooth ice, here are a few little tips:
Daily employment and animal control.
The donkey may not be kept as a lawn mower.
Groups of donkeys in pasture with winter stables.
Donkeys are herd animals - keeping them alone is absolutely to be rejected !!!!
Side items: socializing with ponies, horses, sheep or goats is also not recommended.
Stallion groups may only be kept by experienced donkey specialists!
The donkey stallions, if they are not used for breeding, must be castrated.
Not to neuter a donkey stallion because someone might need him to cover or to save veterinary costs.
Donkey stallions are one of the most sexually instinctive animals on earth - they even cover very pregnant mares and their instincts cannot be controlled, especially if they are kept individually.
This then leads to problems with the human being - attempts at covering, aggression, despair - all of this can arise from unfulfilled sex drive.
The donkey needs a covered, dry and littered lying area with a windbreak all year round.
A shelter that is closed on at least 3 sides.
The donkeys shouldn't be kept in boxes like a horse, either.
Since donkeys are very curious, they are best kept in a so-called "open stall" position.
If they are still kept in a box, it must have a size of 0.80 cm x stM, the shortest side 180 cm.
The window area must be at least 3% of the stable floor area or the donkeys have constant access to the open air.
It must be ensured that the animals are given sufficient opportunity to move around several times a week.
A concrete manure pit must be made for the donkey manure in order to reliably prevent leakage of seepage water.
High demand for raw fiber, the best is late-cut hay and in no case moldy or spoiled forage.
Wood and lignified bushes are also part of a species-appropriate diet.
“Well-intentioned” overfeeding can lead to an over-supply of energy with major health problems.
As a basic food, the donkey should be given late-cut, fiber-rich hay at least 3 times a day.
The donkey's feed utilization is approx. 30% higher than that of the horses.
A mixture of minerals for horses and a salt lick are also part of the donkey feeding.
Apart from treats, the donkey does not need concentrated feed, on the contrary, it is harmful.
Pasture accessible at all times with at least 500 m² plus 50 m² per additional animal.
It should be noted, however, that uncontrolled feed intake on the pasture only harms the donkey, as the donkey will fill its stomach on the pasture without "stopping" and this leads to hoof problems, colic and excess fat, especially in spring.
This is because there are too many nutrients in the fresh, green grass. This is why donkeys do not go out to pasture together with other animal species, as the donkey eats 16 hours a day and needs controlled eating times.
There is an absolute ban on grazing for donkeys that have been damaged by deer.
Barbed wire and wide-meshed knotted grids are not allowed as fencing, the meshes of the knotted grating may only be so large that the animals cannot get caught with their hooves and the paddock and paddock fencing does not contain any acute angles.
In winter, the water temperature should not drop below 4 ° C.
There are water troughs with built-in heating in specialist shops that have proven themselves very well.
First occupancy at the earliest after the age of 3.
The big donkeys need longer for their development, therefore physical work and the first occupancy may take place at the earliest at the age of 6.
Due to the mostly very small populations, the quality of the animals must be viewed critically, especially with regard to health.
Targeted breeding that is based on health and vitality is the first step in active animal welfare!
The donkeys have a gestation period of 376 days and, if kept well, can reach an age of 40-45 years.
Depending on the stress, hoof correction by a trained farrier who has knowledge of donkeys approx. 4 times a year, as the hooves of horses differ from those of donkeys.
Apart from the tetanus vaccination, a donkey that is well kept does not need a veterinarian. If donkeys are kept together with other animal species, especially horses, or if you go to events, the donkeys should be vaccinated against horse infulenza.
A quarterly deworming should be carried out with a round worm remedy, which particularly hits small and large strongyles and roundworms. A preparation that also combats tapeworms should also be used every two years.
Use only with really healthy animals!
The fact that the donkey is mainly used as a pack animal is due to its tenacity.
Donkeys are also used for meat production (salami), as milk producers (donkey milk) and for leather production.
Because of its defensive behavior against dogs, it is also used by shepherds as a herd protection donkey.
The donkey is also increasingly used in animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted education.
The donkey is well suited for riding, the donkeys have a special gait that is particularly pleasant for the rider.
The load should not exceed a third of the donkey's body weight.
Just like a horse, the donkey needs training, and adults are usually too heavy for a donkey. Since there are very few big donkeys in Austria, there are not very many people who can ride a donkey.
Sitting on it and being carried by children is not riding.
A basic requirement to be able to drive the donkey is to complete a driving course.
Horse farms that are members of the Federal Association for Riding and Driving in Austria offer such driving courses with examination.
With the test, you are the owner of the bronze driving badge and know how to drive - this is also important for the insurance company.
The donkey should be brought up as a young foal with the same commands that are used when they are at least 3 years old and learn to drive a carriage.
The donkeys should be able to do the groundwork.
Riding according to the same guidelines as for horses, according to Achenbach with a cross line.
A curb is used as the mouthpiece.
Donkeys are allowed to pull their own body weight.
But you always have to remember that the donkeys have to be trained, you can't have the donkey standing on the green meadow all year round and then want to go on day trips.
This brief information is certainly not an understatement and should really be adhered to as much as possible. For more information, we are at your disposal with our more than 20 years of donkey experience.
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