Who presented the resolution of Pakistan

Afghanistan and Pakistan

Christian Wagner

To person

Dr. habil., born 1958; Research Associate at the Science and Politics Foundation (SWP), Ludwigkirchplatz 3 - 4, 10719 Berlin.
Email: [email protected]

Since the late 1980s, the Pakistani military has sought control of Afghanistan in order to gain more weight against India. Since September 11, 2001, this strategy has come under pressure.


The increasing fighting between the Taliban and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan has increasingly focused on the situation in Pakistan in recent months. Many reports indicate that the Taliban have their refuge in the inaccessible Pakistani-Afghan border area, where the Al Qaeda network is said to have reorganized. [1] The ongoing infiltration of armed groups into Afghanistan has led to a marked deterioration in Pakistani-Afghan relations, despite the fact that the Pakistani army has been cracking down on militant groups in the self-administered tribal areas of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) since 2004.

At the same time, the tensions have shifted Pakistan's foreign policy focus, traditionally on India, to Afghanistan. A closer look shows that the Pakistani interest in Afghanistan since the 1990s is understandable through the dominance of the military in Pakistan and the Indo-Pakistani conflict. There was hardly any connection between the conflicts between Pakistan and India over Kashmir and Afghanistan until the end of the 1980s. It was only from this time that the Pakistani army command began to network the two areas of conflict. However, after the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the involvement of Pakistan in the fight against international terrorism, this strategy has come under increasing pressure. To make the connection clear, the role of the army in Pakistan will be discussed first, followed by the trilateral relations between Pakistan, India and Afghanistan.