What is Muzaffarpur famous for Bihar

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This article is about the district. For its headquarters of the same name, see Muzaffarpur.

Bihar District in India

Muzaffarpur District

Location of the Muzaffarpur district in Bihar

Country Bihar
Administrative department Tirhut
Headquarters Muzaffarpur
government
• Lok Sabha constituencies Muzaffarpur, Vaishali [1965990]. Aurai, Minapur, Bochahan, Sakra, Kurhani, Muzaffarpur, Kanti, Baruraj, Paroo, Sahebganj
surface
• Total 3,173 km 2 (1,225 sq mi)
population

(2011)

• A total of 4.801.062 [1]
Demographics
• Literacy 6550

[1]

19659008] • Gender ratio

900
Highways NH 57, NH 28, NH 77, NH 102, NH 527C
Website Official website

The Muzaffarpur district is one of the 38 districts of the state of Bihar in India. The Muzaffarpur District is part of the Tirhut Division [2] (Tirhut).

Muzaffarpur is one of the largest business and educational centers in Northern Bihar. It is famous for lychees, a fruit known for its juicy taste. The district headquarters are in Muzaffarpur. The district covers an area of ​​3173 km² and has 4,801,062 inhabitants (as of 2011).

As of 2011, it is the third most populous district of Bihar (out of 38) after Patna and East Champaran. [1]




History


Muzaffarpur District was founded in 1875 for administrative reasons by dividing the former Tirhut District. Today's Muzaffarpur district was built in the 18th century and named after Muzaffar Khan, an Amil (Revenue Officer) of the British dynasty. The districts of Purbi Champaran and Sitamarhi in the north, in the districts of South Vaishali and Saran, in the districts of East Darbhanga and Samastipur, and in the districts of West Saran and Gopalganj surround Muzaffarpur.

In the past, this district belonged to Mithila (Videha) and was ruled by King Janak, the father of the goddess Sita. Like Ramanaya, the goddess Sita (born in Sitamarhi or Janakpur) married Shri Ram. This area is also known as Tirhut. Tirhut is the other name of Mithila. After the fall of the Mithila ruler, this area was controlled by Mughals, the latter by Darbhanga Maharaj.

The office of the Tirhut Commissioner is in Muzaffarpur. Muzaffarpur is also known for its arts and culture. Mithila painting is the famous art in this area. The residents of this neighborhood celebrate Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Chhath, Sama-Chakeva, etc.

In 1908, 18-year-old young Bengali revolutionary Khudi Ram Bose was hanged for dropping the bomb on the carriage of Pringle Kennedy, who was supposed to be Kingsford, the district judge of Muzaffarpur. After India gained independence in 1947, a memorial for this bose was erected in Muzaffarpur. Bajjika Parishad has on October 2, 2004 in its XII. Antarrashtriya Bajjika Samman decided unanimously to move the city into Khudirampur in the presence of the local MLA Bijendra Choudhary and the MLC Devesh Chandra Thakur. However, such a solution is only symbolic as the name change requires regulatory approval.

The importance of Muzaffarpur in Indian civilization arises from its position on the borderline between the two most spiritual influences and is a meeting point for Hindu and Islamic culture and thoughts. Muzaffarpur promoted political leaders and statesmen alike, including Rajendra Prasad, George Fernandes, Janki Ballabh Shastri, a great Maithili writer Parmanandan Shashtri and Devesh Chandra Thakur, etc. The language of the region is Bajjika (dialect language of Maithili) like George Grierson. However, Maithili is also spoken in the Muzaffarpur district.

In 1972 the two districts of Sitamarhi and Vaishali were separated from Muzaffarpur. [3]

The city was a major center of Jai Prakash Narayan's anti-emergency movement in the late 1970s. The city's politics in the 1980s, as in all of Bihar, were heavily influenced by the movement. The importance of the caste in politics gained prominence in the 1990s and 2000s when Lalu Prasad's party gained prominence in the state.


Geography


The Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Bagmati and Lakhandayee rivers are located in the Muzaffarpur district. There are also many small streams that run through the district. The area was prone to flooding. The district is located in the fertile region of the Ganges plain. The Muzaffarpur district covers an area of ​​3,175.9 km², [4] corresponds roughly to the Canadian Mansel Island. [5]


Economy


Long ago the area was famous for hand-woven textiles, sugar cane and other products. The district has some sugar mills that are now old and dilapidated. It is the main trading center of North Bihar and the wholesale market in Mumbai, Surat and Ahmedabad. Textile mills of the famous Marwari community dominate in Suta Patti. The commercial center of the city is Motijheel, Kalyani Chowk, SarriyaGanj, Jawaharlal Road, Bela Industrial Area, Club Road, Islampur, Shafi Daudi Market, Aam Gola, Chata Bazar, Bagh Company, Tilak Maidan Road, Juran Chapra, Bank Road, Mithanpura Bhagwanpur



The land use around Muzaffarpur is mainly agricultural and horticultural. While litchee and mangoes are grown abundantly, rice, wheat, legumes, jute, corn, and oilseeds are the main crops. Vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage, onions, tomatoes, radishes, carrots, beetroot are also grown. Sugar cane, potatoes, and barley are some of the non-grain crops.

The city's main animals are cows, buffalo, goats and poultry.

The Muzaffarpur district has several large and small industries. The railroad car industry is one of the city's landmarks. Muzaffarpur is an important center for the wholesale of towels.


Lychee [edit]


Lychee Garden in Muzaffarpur

The litchi harvest, available from May to June, is mainly grown in the counties of Muzaffarpur and the surrounding counties in an area of ​​about 25,800 hectares that produces about 300,000 tons annually. Lychee is exported to big cities like Bombay, Kolkata and other countries. India's share of the world market for litchi is less than 1%. The names of the quality lychees. [6]


Industry [edit]


It has many industries from small to large. Prabhat Zarda Factory, Ganesh Foundries Limited, Bharat Wagon and Engineering Ltd., NTPC, Bihar Drugs & Organic Chemicals Ltd., Muzaffarpur - a unit of IDPL, units of the Leather Development Corporation, Muzaffarpur Dairy, a unit of the Bihar State Dairy Corporation The Bihar State Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation Ltd., Muzaffarpur, which produces packaged milk under the Sudha brand, are the main industries in the city of Muzaffarpur and its periphery. The above industries have created significant jobs and have also been helpful in building a number of smaller industries, including some home improvement industries. The main piece made in the city of Muzaffarpur is the wagon wagon. The city of Muzaffarpur is an important center for the wholesale of cloths. Agro-based Industries likes sugar mills, Britannia Biscuits were newly founded in City. [7]


Demographics [edit]




























Religions in the Muzaffarpur District
religion ] Hindus 84%
Muslims 15.53%
Not specified 0.33%
0.11%
Sikh 0,02%
Buddhist 0,01%
Jain 0,01%


According to the 2011 census, the Muzaffarpur district has a population of 4,801,062, [1] roughly equal to the nation of Singapore [8] or the US state of Alabama. [9] This gives him 24th place in India (out of a total of 640). [1] The district has a population density of 1,514 people per square kilometer (3,920 / sq mi). [10] Its population growth rate over the 2001-2011 period was 28.14%. [1] Muzaffarpur has a gender quota of 900 women per 1000 men, [1] and a literacy rate of 63.4%. [1]


Villages in Muzaffarpur [edit


The most populous villages in the district are Bariarpur urf Bazidpur (42,775), Baruraj (27,064), Kanta Pirauchha (25,953) and Jajuara (25,875). Jajuara is considered to be the heart of Mithila and has a rich Maithili culture. [11][12][13][14]
The name of Jajuara was also mentioned in the Yajur Veda.

Benibad is a very important village in the Muzaffarpur district of Bihar. It is on the National High Way 57, which connects Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga. almost 40 kilometers from the Muzaffarpur district. From Benibad you have to drive almost 20 kilometers to Darbhanga.

According to the 2011 Census, the town or village code of Bahilwara Rupnath is 13,356. The village of Bahilwara Rupnath is located in Saraiya Tehsil in the Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, India. [15] It is 11 km from Saraiya Headquarters and 25 km from Muzaffarpur Headquarters. Bahilwara Rupnath Dakshni is the gram Panchayat of the village of Bahilwara Rupnath. The area of ​​the village is 995.73 hectares.

The village of Bahilwara Gobind is located in Saraiya Tehsil in the Muzaffarpur District of Bihar, India. It is 9 km from Saraiya Headquarters and 25 km from Muzaffarpur Headquarters. The area of ​​the village is 372.3 hectares. Bahilwara Gobind has a total population of 3,786. There are around 606 houses in Bahilwara Gobind. [16] Muzaffarpur is the closest town to Bahilwara Gobind which is approximately 25 km away.

There are many smaller villages including Dora Chapara.


References [edit]



  1. ^ a b [19589112] c d e f H "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. 2011-09-30.

  2. ^ http://tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in/

  3. Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids . 2011-10-11 .

  4. ^ "Muzaffarpur Geographic at a glance". Retrieved 2015-07-10.

  5. ^ "Iceland Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.

  6. ^ "7. LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN INDIA". Fao.org. 1992-05-31. Retrieved 2014-08-02.

  7. ^ "Archived Copy". Archived from the original on 08/28/2011. Retrieved 2012-03-11. CS1 maintenance: Archived copy as title (link)

  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.

  9. ^ "Population 2010". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.

  10. ^ "Muzaffarpur District Census 2011, Bihar Gender Ratio and Density". www.census2011.co.in .

  11. ^ "Population of Bariarpur urf Bazidpur - Baruraj (Motipur) - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.

  12. ^ "Population of Baruraj Village - Baruraj (Motipur) - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.

  13. ^ "Population of the village of Kanta Pirauchha - Gaighat - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.

  14. ^ "Population in Jajuara Village - Katra - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.

  15. ^ "Population in the village of Bahilwara Rupnath - Saraiya - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.

  16. ^ "Population of Bahilwara Gobind - Saraiya - Muzaffarpur, Bihar". www.census2011.co.in . Government of India.


External links [edit]


Places next to the Muzaffarpur district





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