Are there languages ​​without articles

The definite article

There is only one specific article in English: the.
It is the same in all persons, both in the singular and in the plural:

  • the woman,
  • the man,
  • the children.

But when do you need the specific article?
The item the becomes always with more specific terms (specific terms) are used; for general terms that are not specified, they are left out:

not specified more precisely determined
I like going to school.That school John goes to is very old.
Life is beautiful. I've read a book about the life of Mahatma Gandhi.
I love red roses.I love the red roses in your garden.

Image: ullstein bild (Lineair / MinBuZa)

Days of the week, month names and seasons

Basically, days of the week and month names are used no specific article unless it is a specific day of the week or month.
In the case of the seasons, the specific article can be placed in front, but it does not have to be.

without article
with Article
Saturday is my favorite day of the week. We met the Sunday after my birthday.
I like jump. That's why May is my favorite month of the year. Usually it is hot in the summer, but the July of 2012 was a really cold month.

Personal names and proper names

Usually comes before personal names and proper names no specific article. However, there are a few exceptions:

  1. Surnames in the plural,
  2. Famous landmarks with of in the name of,
  3. Public institutions such as theaters, museums, restaurants, galleries that have a specific name in their designation and this Not is formulated in the genitive.
without article with Article
Mrs. Smith lives in London. The Millers live in Liverpool.
Did you see Buckingham Palace when you were in London?Did you see the Statue of Liberty on your visit to New York?
We will visit St Paul's Cathedral tomorrow. I would like to visit the British Museum.

Image: (slocummedia)

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Geographical names and terms

For names for continents, countries, cities, lakes, individual islands or mountains, no items used unless the name already contains an article (e.g. the USA, the Northern states ...).

With the names of seas, rivers, deserts, mountain ranges and island groups, the definite article is used always prefixed.

without article with Article
Germany, Italy, France, Japan the United States of America,
the Netherlands
Australia, Asia the west of Australia, the Middle East
Iceland, Malta, Crete the Bahamas, the British Isles,
the Canaries
Lake Michigan, Lake Constance the Atlantic (Ocean),
the Mediterranean (Sea), the Rhine

The indefinite article

As with the definite article, there is also only one indefinite article in English: a.
The article is used in the singular and is the same in all persons.

As a general rule: The indefinite article is at countable nouns and at not precisely defined persons, things or terms used.

If the following word starts with a vowel (vowel), the becomes a a at. However, this is the pronunciation of the vowel important! For words that begin with vowels but are not pronounced as such, will a prefixed, e.g. B. a unit. On the other hand, the a a at for words that begin with silent consonants, e.g. B. an hour.

The indefinite article when specifying an affiliation

For descriptions in which the job a person or belonging to a nationality, Denomination, Political party or other grouping, one uses the indefinite article:

  • Jenny wants to become a dancer.
  • Barack Obama is a democrat.
  • As a Muslim you are not allowed to eat pork.

If an affiliation (of nationality or denomination) with an adjective is expressed, one uses no article:

John is not American, he’s English.
He is not Catholic, he’s Protestant.

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Time, measure and quantity information

For information on timeoramounts becomes the indefinite article used. This usage corresponds to the meaning of "pro" in German:

  • Tom goes to football practice twice a week.
  • Don’t drive so fast! You are only allowed 50 kilometers an hour.
  • The potatoes cost 1.50 € a kilo.