What does the hyphen mean

Hyphen and dash: what's the difference?

Do you know the difference between a hyphen and a dash?

Hyphen and dash are related, but are used for different purposes. Visually, they differ in length: A hyphen is short (-). A dash is long (-).

A hyphen is used

  • in compound words, e.g. E.g .: 30 years old, Ms. Müller-Hofstetter, email.
  • for separations at the end of a line.
  • when adding parts of words, e.g. B .: advantages and disadvantages.
  • in telephone numbers with extension, e.g. E.g .: 0043 1 234 64 89-12
  • in URLs, e.g .: www.jakob-prandtauer.at

There is no space before or after the hyphen!

Use a dash

  • for insertions in sentences, e.g. B .: Christine and Franz will set off on a hike of several days tomorrow - provided the sun is shining. In this case, you could use commas instead of dashes. However, the dashes emphasize the inset.
  • for attachments, e.g. B .: I only met Hans yesterday - in the middle of the main square!
  • as a minus sign, e.g. E.g .: 15 - 2 = 13
  • as a character for the word "to", e.g. E.g. 1999-2010, pp. 20-30

Put a space before and after the dash! Exception: if the hyphen stands for the word "to". Incidentally, you set a dash by pressing the "Ctrl" key and the "Minus key".

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