Who is Uwais Al Qarni
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Uwais al-Qarani, also known as Veysel Karani, is often referred to as one of the first Sufis in literature. Although he was a contemporary of the Prophet Muhammad (s.), He allegedly did not meet with him.
According to tradition, Uwais was between 555 and 560 AD. Born in Qaran in Yemen, hence his Arabic name al-Qarani. He lived as a camel herder. When he heard about the Prophet Muhammad (s.) And his teachings, he asked his mother for permission to visit him. She replied that he had her consent to see the prophet for a short time and then return home immediately. If the prophet is at home, he will meet him; if he is not at home, he should return to Yemen immediately. Uwais embarked on a three-month journey on foot to get from Yemen to Medina. When he arrived at the house of Muhammad (s.), His wife Aisha opened the door and said that her husband was not at home but in the mosque. According to legend, Uwais did not want to break his promise to his mother. So he gave Aisha the task of conveying his greetings to the prophet and immediately set off again. In this way, according to legend, Uwais al-Qarani never got to meet the Prophet alive. It is more likely, however, that Prophet Muhammad (s.) Was not in the city at that time. Qarani had already embraced Islam. When Prophet Muhammad (s) returned and learned of the visit, he sent his cloak to Uwais Qarani. That cloak was considered one of the insignia of power among the Ottomans. It is located in a mosque (Hirka-i Şerif Camii) that was specially built for the noble coat (Hirka-i Şerif) and should not be confused with the noble coat in the Museum of the Topkapi Palace.
According to Sunni tradition, he then lived as a hermit in the desert. The oldest order [tariqa] is said to go back to him, although there is no verifiable evidence for this claim. The organization Maktab Tarighat Oveyssi Shahmaghsoudi, an order mainly established in the Western world, claims to go back to Uwais al-Qarani with a direct spiritual line.
This contradicts Shiite sources, according to which Uwais first went to Kufa after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (s.) And became a martyr on the side of Imam Ali (a.) In the Battle of Siffin. Since the Battle of Siffin is one of the most unmasking events against the Umayyads, the people who fought on the side of Imam Ali (a.) Against Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan are the target of numerous falsifications by the Umayyads. Uwais belonged to the Schurtat Khamis elite unit.
Uwai's Qanranis Shrine is located in Syria, where he is buried together with Ammar ibn Jasir and Ubay ibn Kaab al-Ansari. According to Sunni ideas, however, he is buried in Baykan in the province of Siirt in Turkey. There is also a legend that he set out for Azerbaijan on behalf of Umar and stayed there.
Some exaggerating Shiites have tried to justify the sometimes bloody self-flagellation at Ashura with the fact that Uwais once damaged his own teeth in mourning, but this was exposed as false by scholars [faqih]. Hajji Mansour (a great Iranian Madah singer) describes it in such a way that his tooth burst at the same moment out of love for the Prophet. But that he knocked it out himself is an invention of the Achbariyya.
In Worms there is the Veysel Kerani Mosque named after him.
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