What does an incubator do for bacteria


An incubator is a medical device. Colloquially, an incubator is also called an incubator and can be a medically necessary aid in this regard.

An incubator is used in paediatrics and is also used in medical laboratories. The incubator can ensure the survival of premature babies.

What exactly is the incubator, what functions the device has, how it works, what to look out for and all other important information on the subject can be found below.

Table of Contents

What exactly is an incubator?

In paediatrics, an incubator offers a protected framework for the general regeneration of newborns - especially in premature babies and in the event of health complications.

In an incubator the The health status of the little patient is optimally monitored and the entire organism is thus supported in important processes and also temporarily in certain vital functionsbecome.

Since the sensitive immune system of a premature baby is well protected in an incubator, an incubator also has a protective function. In order to maintain the important mother-child bond, important physical contact is also possible during the medical use of an incubator.

An intensive monitoring of the general state of health is given with this treatment method at all times and medical measures can also be carried out. An incubator thus also offers the young patients intensive medical treatment options.

In medical laboratories, an incubator is used to store blood and cell cultures and to grow bacteria or fungi and is particularly useful for research purposes and for important laboratory evaluations.

An incubator is used in laboratories for the incubation of anaerobes (types of bacteria) and can therefore fulfill important conditions for the maintenance and growth and for the assessment of microorganisms.

Origin & Development

The first incubator for premature babies was developed in France in 1857. Dr. William Champion Deming built the first device at State Emigrant Hospital. The medical device was used for the first time on September 7, 1888. Edith Eleanor McLean weighed only 1106 grams when she was born and was the first baby to receive medical care and treatment in an incubator.

Function, effect & goals

An incubator has a regenerative function and is used in paediatrics - especially for premature babies - as a medical aid.

An incubator is, so to speak, a medical incubator and is used in clinics. The microclimate can be precisely adjusted. This means that the humidity and the temperature can be kept constant at the same level and, if necessary, also be enriched with oxygen.

This significantly supports the regeneration process and can make a significant contribution to promoting health and also enable intensive care and medically necessary treatments. There are also special transport incubators that have been developed for medical transport (from clinic to clinic).

An incubator is used in pediatrics in two areas:

  • Intensive care, intensive monitoring and intensive treatment of premature and newborn babies
  • Interhospital transfer (transport of premature and newborn babies)

Implementation & procedure

When is the incubator necessary and how does it work?

Sometimes it is possible that a baby is born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or that a birth has to be medically initiated in order to maintain the health of both mother and child.

A premature baby in particular usually needs intensive care and medical supervision, in which case an incubator is used for medical purposes. In some cases, newborns are also weakened by various environmental influences, which means that an incubator is also used medically.

This medical device offers the best conditions for medical monitoring of the organ and vital functions and intensive medical support. An incubator not only protects a premature baby from harmful environmental influences, but can also protect against various pathogens.

The general state of health can stabilize significantly in an incubator and is often medically unavoidable for a premature baby. In addition, monitors can be connected to an incubator, which constantly monitor the body's functions and accordingly show any medical values ​​up-to-date. Immediate medical measures are also possible in the event of complications.

Helps / application

An incubator helps or is used with:

  • Premature births
  • Complications in newborns
  • Monitoring of organ functions
  • Support of the vital functions
  • Promotion of development processes
  • Protection against pathogens
  • Support the immune system
  • Intensive care transport
  • Intensive care
  • Regeneration promotion

An incubator supports and protects the immune system and the general organism with regard to the overall promotion of functionality.

Promotes & strengthens

  • immune system
  • internal organs
  • growth
  • development
  • height
  • Weight gain

If medically necessary, an incubator protects the entire organism and is therefore an effective treatment method.

Diagnosis & examination

Diagnosis and examination methods at the initial examination

As soon as a baby is born, an initial medical examination takes place immediately afterwards. This examination checks the natural reactions, reflexes and thus the general state of health.

Of course, the functionality of the organs is also checked. Weight and height are also documented. If certain findings are available, an incubator can be used.

In the case of a premature birth, some (vital) criteria are not yet fulfilled, which for example also relate to the corresponding weight and height. A premature baby therefore usually needs medical support, which should replace the womb as much as possible in order to support the organism and stimulate regeneration.

Monitoring with an incubator continues until the newborn develops accordingly or until the general condition has stabilized. An incubator is therefore closely related to an abnormal initial examination.

An incubator can be individually tailored and adapted to medical needs:

  • Monitoring of vital functions
  • Supply of oxygen
  • Constant microclimate
  • Protection against environmental influences
  • Intensive treatment options

Who treats?

An incubator for premature and newborn babies is only used in clinics. The necessity and procedure is determined and adjusted by specialists. To this end, midwives and other hospital staff are involved in medical treatment.

Risks & side effects

  • Hyperthermia (overheating)
  • Cooling down
  • Tachycardia (persistently fast pulse)
  • Hyperventilation (increased ventilation of the lungs)
  • Apneas (pauses in breathing)
  • Eye damage
  • Brain damage

As much as the importance of an incubator is, an incubator can also be risky. Especially when additional medical devices are used that support organ function. As a result, the medical application should only last as long as necessary.


An incubator protects a newborn from possible infections. However, since an incubator is accordingly warm and humid, an incubator also provides a breeding ground for germs, which creates a risk of infection.

Therefore, hygiene in relation to an incubator is particularly important. In this regard, interactions can occur with certain treatment methods, which, however, depend on the diagnosis at hand.

Our conclusion on the incubator

An incubator is a highly technical and modern medical device and in paediatrics an important possibility to promote, monitor and medically support health. An incubator is an effective and important medical product in modern paediatrics.
Please recommend this page or link us: