Hardware can be open source

What is open source hardware?

It's actually hard to imagine what people can really do with open source hardware. How do we benefit if we can share, change and decay the hardware base for our electronic devices and computers with one another? For example, the consumer can use open source software very easily. However, there is a greater challenge with the hardware. It turns out to be quite complex to think about the matter correctly and to classify the opportunities and changes for business and companies. Would that actually be disruptive?

Our editorial team would like to give space to the topic.

Join the discussion and ask your questions. Do you already work or produce with or on the basis of "free hardware"?

I look forward to your comment!

Below is a sketch of the basics that we found on the topic on Wikipedia. Visit en.wikipedia.org for more information. In addition, the Open Source Hardware Association is currently preparing a policy statement and definition.

Free hardware (Englishfree hardware, open hardware or open source hardware)[1] is hardware that is manufactured according to license-free construction plans. The movement and idea is close to the open source and DIY movement or goes back to them.

Even if “open source hardware” often has a lot in common with open source software, “open hardware” can also take place far away from software technology: For example, the “OpenSource Car” (OScar) project tries to develop free construction plans for a car , so a freely available "recipe" to build yourself. Even further with Thingiverse, here objects are to be made available as 3D printable 3D CAD files. The “Solar” project tries to spread inexpensive self-made solar systems in developing countries, including making it possible to cook and heat without firewood.

The coreboot project (formerly LinuxBIOS) with the aim of replacing proprietary BIOSes is sometimes also the free hardware assigned because the BIOS was assigned to the hardware from a historical perspective. While in the early days of the computer the BIOS was completely stored in an OTP-ROM and thus inseparably anchored in the hardware, this is now completely interchangeable, just like any other software.[2]

As one of the first computers in series production, the non-profit project 100-Dollar-Laptop wants to equip all of its computers with coreboot. With a planned production volume of 100 to 200 million pieces, the BIOS is likely to find widespread use, especially in developing and emerging countries, and thus make a contribution to development aid. On February 14, 2006, the company Sun Microsystems surprisingly completely disclosed the design of its well-known SPARC processor architecture under the name OpenSPARC and made it available to the general public under the free software license GNU General Public License. Under the name “Open Compute Project”, Facebook has released both the architecture of its servers and a data center.[3]

The AYAB project (English for "All yarns are beautiful") which provides the frequent Brother KH-9xx knitting machines with a modern and open Arduino-based control.[4][5][6][7]

Legal basis

Free hardware often has a liberal copyright, but it can still affect patent rights.

Free hardware can be released to different extents depending on the project. Many manufacturers often only pass on parts of their implementations for users' own projects. Examples only the firmware of the WLAN router WRT54GL from Linksys was (forcibly) placed under GPL; only the programming interface of the Roomba robot vacuum cleaner has been published.

In addition, parts of a project that are independent of each other can be subject to different licenses. This means that interfaces, software and hardware, for example, can have different licenses.

Open hardware licenses

Richard Stallman (GNU and FSF) recommends the following licenses for free hardware:[1]

Other licenses that are used for free hardware are:

Other free hardware projects (excerpt)

  • the Open Compute project [8], which contains a collection of free hardware for building a data center
  • the freedom-cpu project[9]who is developing a free 64-bit main processor and wants to port Linux to it
  • the microcontroller developer board Arduino
  • the $ 100 OLPC XO-1 laptop
  • the Ethernut project which creates single-board computers and software based on AVR and ARM
  • the Parallella project[10]who wants to develop a supercomputer for US $ 99
  • the Simputer, an inexpensive portable computer
  • the 3D printers from RepRap, MakerBot and Fab @ Home
  • the smarthomatic project[11] (formerly Open Home Control), which includes a complete home automation system with sensors and actuators
  • the MIDIbox project, a hardware and software platform for MIDI controllers, sequencers and synthesizers
  • x0xb0x[12], the replica of the Roland TB-303 MIDI synthesizer
  • the mobile phone Openmoko under GNU / Linux
  • the Daisy MP3 player[13]
  • the digital photo camera Frankencamera[14]
  • the MintyBoost battery charger for USB connection
  • the RF jammer WaveBubble[15]
  • the Open Source Ecology project, which develops free agricultural machinery
  • the free machine tool LME Hexapod[16]
  • the OSVR Open-Source Virtual Reality Headset (hardware source files only available under non-free license)[17]
  • the clockworks of the association openmovement [18]
  • the open photonics platform myphotonics for the development of high quality, optomechanical components and complex optical experiments

See also

Web links

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Image: Piotr Esden-Tempski

Open-BLDC-V0_1-Assembly-2-21open-bldc.org V0.1 assembly process

https://www.flickr.com/photos/esden/

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

The text content comes from Wikipedia:

Source: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freie_Hardware

The text is available under the “Creative Commons Attribution / Share Alike” license; Information on the authors and the license status of integrated media files (such as images or videos) can usually be called up by clicking on them. The contents may be subject to additional conditions.

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