Where does Russia keep its nuclear weapons

Moscow's show of forceThe Kremlin is relying on new weapons

Three years ago, Russian President Vladimir Putin insisted on presenting the latest projects in Russian military technology with a large video show in a Kremlin hall full of invited guests:

"At the end of 2017, the very latest nuclear-powered wing rocket successfully launched on the central test site, says Putin and asks for the video."

The testing of new weapons is delayed

The message, just two weeks before the presidential elections, was: Russia is capable of building high-performance armaments, of which 20,000 nuclear warheads were testified in Soviet times, as are those now in 1550, as many as the United States have. But it will apparently take some time until the computer simulations actually turn into new weapons that allegedly cannot be intercepted. Production cannot start yet because the tests have been delayed or have not started at all. The Russian publicist and defense specialist Alexander Goltz names the new developments:

"It's about the weapons that Putin so proudly presented shortly before the 2018 presidential election. The Sarmat rocket, the supersonic Kinschal rocket, or dagger, and this underwater drone Poseidon, which are supposedly still themselves nuclear targets after a nuclear strike can find and destroy in the USA. And of course this wing rocket, which thanks to a nuclear drive can stay in the air indefinitely.

Modernization of the nuclear arsenal

The test launch of Poseidon, an underwater drone equipped with a nuclear warhead, was supposed to take place months ago, but has been postponed several times. The independent military expert Alexander Goltz does not quite understand why the Russian leadership insists on modernizing the nuclear arsenal:

"The atomic theorists speak of a nuclear weapons dead end. The arsenal that is supposed to deter the other side does not actually need to be modernized, it has been more than sufficient to keep the other side in the Soviet Union and the USA since the 1970s and 1980s They are still enough. If you still modernize nuclear weapons today, it is more of a propaganda necessity than a military one. "

(picture-alliance / dpa / photo report) Why there are still 13,400 atomic bombs
On July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb exploded in the Nevada desert. Three weeks later, the US dropped its newly developed weapon on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After that nobody dared to use atomic bombs. And yet there were around 13,400 nuclear weapons worldwide in 2020.

Russia's army was visibly modernized during Putin's 20 years in office. So far, Russian armed forces have been deployed abroad in Syria and Georgia. Undercover operations by the so-called Wagner mercenary troops of Putin's confidante Prigozhin allegedly not counting in Libya, the Central African Republic or Venezuela. The rhetoric, especially of the President and Foreign Minister towards the West, has clearly increased in intensity:

"New Cold War"

"It's not just about the sound. In my opinion, Russia and the West have entered into a new cold war. It began with the annexation of Crimea and the undeclared war in Donbas. But Russia does not have the resources for this new cold war like the Soviet Union back then. Russia's population is old, you cannot form an army of millions from it. Russia has no allies. And Russia has no industry capable of producing large quantities of armaments. What Russia remains are nuclear weapons. "

Russia and the USA own 90 percent of the world's nuclear weapons, Russia has half, or 45 percent. After ex-US President Trump terminated several arms control agreements, only the New Start contract, which the new man in the White House, Joe Biden, has just extended, is still valid.

In every crisis with the West, Vladimir Putin reminded everyone that Russia was a nuclear power and could destroy the West. This means that nuclear weapons now play a much larger role in military strategy than they did in Soviet times, says Alexander Goltz, the Moscow publicist who has been writing about the Russian armed forces for years:

"The most important reason for this changed strategy is that Russia has developed into an authoritarian power because Vladimir Putin and his inner circle do not want to give up their power under any circumstances. They think that the West can use this authoritarian power with the help of wants to weaken so-called colorful revolutions. And so that the West does not come up with such an idea, it needs deterrence, nuclear weapons like in the Cold War.