What qualities do talented mathematicians typically embody?

5 phases of love - so much math is in love

5 stages of love

So much math is in love

The rose-colored glasses and a butterfly in your stomach: Anyone who sees through them or carries them around with them is in the middle of one of five Cupid phases and is obviously deeply in love. Couple therapist Roland Weber has examined the phenomenon and found just as exciting as John Gottman, who translated love into formulas.

But let's first look at the sections: Weber says that couples go through the phases he has defined in exactly this order, even if not always at the same time. Skip one of them? It does not work. That would be a shame, after all, a love relationship should become more intimate with each phase and move onto a new, more familiar level. Which does not mean that you automatically get closer to your loved one with each new section. Because according to the expert, a couple must first go through all five phases to know whether they really want to stay together. This makes it clear: a long relationship is no guarantee of eternal happiness. But what phases are there, after which is it often the end, and what is the formula for love?

5 phases of love: 1. Infatuation phase

During this introductory phase, both partners wear the famous pink glasses on their noses, butterflies in their stomach and cloud nine on their feet. All the emotions are now literally blind to love. You only perceive the positives of your loved one. Downsides? Do not yet come into play here. But the phase has come to an end: after three to 18 months, couples therapist Roland Weber found out. The range is as wide as people and relationships are different. Relationships often end with this section because the absence of butterflies irritates many and they equate being in love with love.

5 phases of love: 2nd criticism phase

At this stage you get to know your partner better. The emotions that previously made you fall in love are no longer there to the extent and - there is also something positive about it - do not hinder you either. You no longer blind you to love. Now the partners perceive character traits and behaviors in each other that were not noticed before. And maybe you don't like them either. There are more critical words instead of amorous pussies. That is also the reason why, according to Weber, most couples separate at this stage. The partners are only now really starting to get to know each other beyond the butterflies. Now it is important to see not only the supposed flaws of the other, but also your own and to accept and respect one another.

5 phases of love: 3rd power struggle phase

With the third phase, the relationship becomes hairier: opposites are now scrutinized very carefully. The partners check whether the loved one is really the right choice or the wrong one. It is not uncommon for power struggles to be fought and borders to be explored. But if you survive this stage, you end up not only loving your partner because of his strengths, but also accepting him and his weaknesses. Often times, the reason for a breakup in this section is the lack of understanding and acceptance.

5 phases of love: 4th optimization phase

This section focuses on the personalities. The rose-tinted glasses have long been put down, power struggles have been fought, the couple know each other well enough to know what makes each other tick. This is exactly the ideal time for individual development: optimizing your own personality, but also that of your partner! It is important to find a balance between the I, you and we so that the relationship is not disregarded during all self-optimization. That is also the reason - keyword: darn seventh year - why many couples split up here. However, some even get to know previously undiscovered characteristics in their partner and, to a certain extent, love them anew.

5 phases of love: 5th phase of trust

The fifth phase is probably the most intimate part of a relationship. You no longer have to wear a mask and pretend to be in favor of the other - he or she would see through you anyway. The partners now also know pretty well who they have by their side - what he or she can and cannot do. At this point of love, couples have gone through not only the ups and downs of the relationship, but also of life and everyday life together. That welds together, after all the self-optimization, one now increasingly sets common goals, but also gives each other trust and freedom and simply feels that the partner has arrived.

A formula for love

But how do you get to this stage of feeling at home with your partner? Mathematician and psychologist John Gottman has developed a formula for love - including predictive power for affairs. The American, known as the "Einstein of Love", examined couples in the 1970s: every three years he had them conduct 15-minute conflict discussions.

The lucky ones among them led him to the famous 5: 1 ratio: According to the, discussions in happy relationships have five positive and negative moments. The other way around, negative would not only be objectively bad, but would also appear even more powerful and destroy the relationship.

The four horsemen of the apocalyptic

Here the scientist brings four apocalyptic horsemen into play. If they occur, couples split up in more than 90 percent of the cases, according to Gottman, after an average of 5.6 years. This includes the CRITIC, that is, accusing the other. In addition, the DEFENSE, the justification of the attacked, which only provides more fuel for the discussion. According to the researcher, the third rider is the RETREAT, i.e. the walling, switching to pull-through and showing disinterest, which is also explosive. Last but not least, there is contempt, which creates an unequal balance of power between partners.

Predicting affairs and using humor

With some couples, these four apocalyptic riders do not appear or only to a limited extent, but there are only a few positive moments. Gottman speaks here of emotional detachment, i.e. a certain indifference. The partners then often live side by side, look for new love affairs - the chance for affairs is great here - and finally separate. This occurs on average after 16.2 years, for example when the children are out of the house. But there is another way.

If these apocalyptic horsemen do not appear in the course of the five phases of a relationship, the 5: 1 ratio predominates and - according to Gottman's further discovery - characteristics such as humor and self-reassurance develop, then love happiness is inevitable. The ability to laugh together as well as the ability to drive yourself down take the wind out of a turbulent argument and lower your pulse. As a result, according to the scientist, a discussion does not even get caught up in a vortex of negativity, but rather directs both partners towards a positive perception of themselves and others as well as mutual appreciation - that is what matters in love in the end.