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Home remedies for cystitis: this will help with cystitis
If urinating hurts every time you go to the bathroom, you have probably caught a bladder infection. However, you do not always have to resort to medication. There are also many home remedies that can help quickly and reliably.
There are a number of home remedies that have proven effective, especially for treating mild bladder infections. Most of the remedies already have some at home, others are available in pharmacies or drugstores.
Home remedies for cystitis
Drinking water: Probably the best and easiest home remedy for a cystitis is water. Drinking a lot during a cystitis is so effective because the liquid flushes out the germs. It is best to drink up to three liters a day.
Tea: Herbal teas with chamomile or sage, which have antibacterial and muscle-relaxing properties, are suitable for treating urinary tract infections. There are also bladder and kidney teas made from bearberry leaves and birch leaves, which you can buy in drugstores and pharmacies. These also have a diuretic effect.
- Add two tablespoons of bearberry leaf tea to 150 milliliters of hot water
- Let the tea steep for about 10 to 15 minutes
- Depending on how severe your symptoms are, you will drink three to four cups a day
In addition, you should go to the toilet as often as possible, because this will flush the germs out of the urinary bladder.
Caution: Not every drink is suitable against inflammation. It is better to avoid large amounts of coffee, alcohol and black tea, because caffeine and tea can also irritate the bladder.
Warmth: In addition, taking a hot hip bath and then lying in a warm bed helps against cystitis. Ideally, you should also place a hot water bottle between your legs. The heat relaxes and helps relieve cramps in the bladder area. Warm feet, which should not get too cold, are particularly important, as otherwise the whole body will have poor blood circulation and will no longer be able to maintain its healthy temperature.
Mustard oils: Herbal preparations made from nasturtiums and horseradish help with uncomplicated urinary tract infections. The mustard oils have a germicidal effect on the bladder and, compared to chemical antibiotics, hardly any side effects. Another advantage of radish is that the body does not become resistant to the active ingredients of the plant.
Cranberry: Many urologists recommend lingonberry and cranberry juice for treating bladder infections. They should contain ingredients that should make it difficult for the bacteria to attach themselves to the bladder wall. However, whether the juice of the red berries really helps with a cystitis is controversial among scientists.
Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar can also be helpful for treating bladder infections. With its vitamins and minerals, the vinegar prevents bacteria from spreading further in the body.
Baking powder and baking soda: You can also try to combat cystitis with home remedies from the kitchen - for example, baking soda and baking soda. They balance the body's acid-base balance, which is often over-acidic during a cystitis.
- Put a pinch of baking soda in a cup of tea or a glass of water
- Drink three glasses / cups of it throughout the day
Does too much sex lead to a bladder infection? And does cranberry juice really help against it? Eleven facts about cystitis.
Symptoms: This is how you recognize a bladder infection
The typical signs of a urinary tract infection are:
- Burning sensation when urinating
- frequent need to urinate
- uncomfortable itching
- Blood in the urine
- Lower abdominal pain
- Vaginal discharge (thick and yellowish)
- Pain in the kidney area
Often only some of the symptoms appear. But the more symptoms that accumulate, the more likely it is that a bladder infection is a possibility. Warning: blood in the urine can also indicate bladder cancer. In the event of a reddish discoloration, you should therefore consult a doctor immediately.
When to the doctor
You should consult a doctor at the latest if there is no improvement after three to four days - despite the use of home remedies. If the symptoms even worsen, the pain when urinating is unbearable or you even discover blood in the urine, a visit to the doctor is inevitable.
It is also important to get examined if you have flu-like symptoms such as chills and fever. It is best to go straight to the urologist at the first signs, who will carry out a rapid urine test and determine whether you have a bladder infection. If a bladder infection is dragged on, the bacteria in the bladder can rise up to the kidneys and a bladder infection can very quickly turn into an inflammation of the pelvis.
Causes and Risk Factors
Cystitis is usually caused by the so-called Escherichia coli bacteria. They are present in every human intestine and are usually harmless as long as they stay there. However, if the bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra, they inflame the bladder lining there.
Women in particular are affected by this painful inflammation: Not only is the female urethral outlet closer to the intestinal anus, the urethra are also shorter than in men, which is why the bacteria can get into the bladder more quickly. Sperm-killing contraceptive creams and gels as well as a diaphragm can also promote cystitis. The experts therefore advise using condoms instead, for example.
Cystitis: women are more likely to suffer from it than men. (Source: dpa-infografik GmbH / dpa)
Cystitis is particularly favored by the following factors:
- Frequent sexual intercourse
- Spermicidal methods of contraception, such as diaphragms
- improper intimate hygiene
- wrong underwear and possibly panty liners
- Bladder malfunction
- Hypothermia of the bladder
- a weakened immune system
- Urinary catheter
- Pregnancy and the puerperium
Duration and course
As a rule, acute cystitis disappears after two weeks at the latest. However, if one suffers from it more than three times a year, one speaks of a “recurrent urinary tract infection”, ie a recurring cystitis. In this case, the bacteria may have developed a resistance to antibiotics and can thus implant themselves in the bladder again and again. It is popularly referred to as "chronic cystitis".
Another chronic form of cystitis is the so-called "interstitial cystitis": it differs from normal cystitis in that it is not caused by bacteria and has other causes which, however, have not yet been precisely clarified. It is believed that components of the urine irritate or damage the bladder wall.
If you are prone to chronic bladder infections, you should take preventive measures in everyday life, such as:
- drink a lot
- go to the bathroom regularly and empty your bladder
- Pay attention to proper intimate hygiene such as proper cleaning and suitable underwear
- Pay attention to a healthy immune system and avoid hypothermia
- Regularly drink teas made from nasturtium, horseradish root or birch leaves, and cranberry juice should also help
If a bladder infection occurs more than three times a year, the doctor may also prescribe a permanent preparation.
Is Cystitis Contagious?
Toilet sign: Watch out for public toilets - because there are particularly many bacteria lurking there. (Source: Jens Büttner / dpa)
Yes, because a bacterial infection can always be transmitted. In public facilities such as schools or open-plan offices, there is a high risk of contracting the bacteria that lead to cystitis. A particularly large number of pathogens lurk in the toilets. It is therefore advisable to wash your hands regularly so that the bacteria do not have a chance of getting into the urethra.
One is directly infected with E. coli bacteria when defecating. So that the bacteria do not come into contact with the urethra, women should always clean themselves from front to back, i.e. from the vagina towards the anus, after defecation.
Cystitis in men
Unlike women, men are up to four times less likely to suffer from cystitis. For one thing, it's because her urethra is longer. On the other hand, the distance between the anus and the urethral entrance is much further than in women, which is why it is more difficult for bacteria to find their way into the male urethra.
If men nevertheless contracted a bladder infection, the prostate is usually involved. If this is enlarged due to age or if there is inflammation of the prostate, the risk of cystitis is greater for the man.
Cystitis in children and babies
If your child has to "pee" more often than usual, it is a sign that they are likely to have a bladder infection. In children, too, girls are more often affected than boys, because the shortened urethra in girls means that the bacteria can reach the bladder more quickly.
Incidentally, infants are more susceptible than older children, because if the diaper is not where it should be, intestinal bacteria can quickly get into the urethra. Often times, you can tell if your baby has a bladder infection by crying and feeling unwell more often. If symptoms such as fever or foul-smelling urine occur, you should contact your pediatrician.
Cystitis in animals
By the way, not only humans but also animals can suffer from cystitis. In the animal kingdom, too, females are affected much more frequently by the painful infection, while males suffer more from it.
Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.
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