What is the definition of crime rate

Crime: a definition

The term crime is derived from the Latin word "crimen" for "guilt, accusation, accusation or crime". Very diverse forms and types of crime are known in criminology. To date, it has therefore not been possible to find a coherent legal definition for this generic term for criminal offenses of all kinds.

On the one hand, this is due to legal quibbles. On the other hand, the definition of the term crime is hindered by a gray area. This distinguishes a "trivial offense" from a criminal offense. In general, the term refers to anything that is considered a criminal offense or a violation of law in the eyes of the judiciary.

Criminal offenses

Nowadays we use several terms that contain the term "crime". We are talking about terms such as petty crime, serious crime, street crime or mass crime. These are criminal offenses and legal violations that have different dimensions.

Here we give definitions for these terms from the field of crime:

Petty crime

Petty criminals are crooks. These deal with petty offenses such as bag theft or shoplifting, copyright infringement or breaking into cars to steal valuables there.

Street crime

This is about crimes that take place in public. The perpetrators prefer to act on public roads, in parks, on streets or in the tumult of tourist hot spots. Pickpockets by "dancing in" or bumping into potential victims are common.

Petty offenses

Strictly speaking, the term "trivial offense" also belongs to the area of ​​crime. It possibly glosses over behavior or administrative offenses relevant to criminal law. It is wrongdoing that is generally viewed as dishonorable. This includes speeding violations in urban areas, driving over a red traffic light, parking in no-parking zones or using a smartphone while driving a car. Traveling by train without a valid ticket is also considered a minor offense. Settling private meals as business lunches or making private photocopies in one's own company are considered pardonable crimes in society. Superiors or criminal authorities can see it differently.

Serious crime

Serious criminals are "tough guys" who act professionally. They act as bank robbers, are entangled in drug trafficking structures or commit other serious crimes. They are often repeat offenders who have already served several prison terms. Serious crime often goes hand in hand with violence and the drive for power.

Mass or everyday crime

The term "mass or everyday crime" describes crimes that are frequently mentioned in crime statistics. The perpetrators often see their actions as a minor offense. This includes, for example, damage to property, theft of bicycles or cosmetics, electricity theft, fraudulent employment at the employment office and insurance fraud.

Serious crime, gang crime or violent crime

The most serious offenses are summarized under these terms. Often it is business-like manifestations of crime. The structures of organized crime should also be classified here.

White-collar crime

Crimes committed in an economic context are summarized under the term white-collar crime. Most of the time, this involves illegal financial transactions such as fraud, corruption, insider trading and money laundering. But industrial espionage and product piracy also belong in this area by definition. White-collar crime can be directed against private individuals, other companies or the state.

What defines "crime"?

It is clear from the crime terms listed that some crime fits the definition of several types of crime. Another division of the term would be petty offenses, light, medium and serious as well as serious crime. The transition from one state to the next is conceivable. Petty criminals who have been convicted of multiple convictions often criminalize themselves in prison. They don't always become "tough guys" there. But they may move to more lucrative "branches of business", or integrate into existing structures and groups, such as the international drug trade.

The above-mentioned distinctions are to be referred to as sub-terms. They are defined by varying degrees of criminal energy. The term crime encompasses the entirety of all actions / interactions that affect legal violations and criminal offenses of any kind. There is a legal gray area when it comes to the exact definition. It concerns the question of where criminal energy begins and where negligence ends. In the end, the courts often have to decide on this. Was it intentional or was it an accident?

It should also be noted that many offenses and criminal offenses are never reported. The crime statistics assume a high number of unreported cases. Cyber ​​criminals can hardly be caught with the current methods in forensics. They operate from abroad and use technical means to disguise their actions. In addition to teenage hackers, government agencies can also be behind such acts. Gangs of thieves also operate from abroad. You move cars and work in a different place tomorrow.

Three former RAF members have been robbing banks for years. They are not exposed because they act cleverly and cleverly disguise themselves. Many perpetrators operate from underground. Otherwise you live a completely inconspicuous life.

The fight against and prevention of crime is called criminology and, in addition to the police and law enforcement authorities, now also employs detectives, security services, security services, IT specialists, experts from all fields, pathologists, forensic scientists, forensics, crime scene cleaners, profilers, psychologists and medical professionals.