Why Ujjain's Shivling has cracks
Haridwar (also spelled Hardwar, Hindi :) is an important pilgrimage city and municipality in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India. The river Ganges, after flowing for from its source at Gaumukh on the edge of the Gangotri Glacier, enters the Indo-von-Ganges plains of Northern India for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára.
Haridwar is considered to be one of the seven most holey places to Hindus. According to Samudra manthan, Haridwar is one of four sides along with Ujjain, Nasik and Allahabad where cases of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled from the jar while being carried by the heavenly bird Garuda. This is manifested in Kumbha Mela, which is celebrated every 3 years in one of the 4 places, and so every 12 years in Haridwar. In the middle of Kumbha Mela, millions of pilgrims, devotees and tourists gather in Haridwar to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the Ganges River to wash off their sins in order to achieve Moksha. Brahma Kund, the point where Amrit fell is located at Har ki Pauri (literally, "Steps of the Lord"), and is considered to be the holiest ghat of Haridwar.
Haridwar is the headquarters and the largest city in the district. Today, besides its religious importance, the city is developing, with the rapidly developing industrial estate of the State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), and close to the township of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited in Ranipur, Uttarakhand as well as its incorporated ancillaries.
The name of the city has two spellings: Haridwar and Hardware. Both of these names have their own meanings.
Has in Sanskrit Hari "Lord Vishnu" before, and dwar means "gate" or "gate". So, Haridwar stands for "For Lord Vishnu's Gate". To Badrinath, one of the four Red Trout Dhams having to reach a temple of Lord Vishnu, Haridwar is a typical place to begin a pilgrim's journey. Hence the name Haridwar.
Has in Sanskrit Har"Lord Shiva" before. As a result, Hardware stands up for "Lord Shiva's Gate". to Kedarnath, one of the Chota red trout dhams having to reach a temple of Lord Shiva, Haridwar is a typical place to begin a pilgrim's journey.
Haridwar is also known as the house of Devi Sati and the palace of her father Daksha. In olden times the city is Gangadwára (), called the place where the Ganges descends to the prairie.
Seven holy places
Haridwar is one of the seven holiest Hindu places in India, with Varanasi usually considered the most holey.
A K etra is a sacred ground, a field of real power, a place where Moksha, Final edition can be obtained. The Garu a Purā a counts seven cities as donors of Moksha on. These are Ayodhya, Mathura, Puri, Māyā, Kāsi, Kāñchī, Avantikā and Dvārāvatī.
A paradise for nature lovers, Haridwar presents a kaleidoscope of Indian culture and civilization. It is mentioned variously in the Bibles as Kapilsthan, Gangadwar, and Mayapuri. It is also an access point to the red trout dham (the four main centers of pilgrimage in Uttarakhand namely(Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri), hence, Shaivaites (followers of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu) call this place to be Hardwar and Haridwar respectively, respectively, Har Shiv and Hari who is Vishnu.
In Vanaparva of Mahabharat, where sage Dhaumya tells Yudhisthira about the tirthas of India, is on Gangadwar, i.e. i.e., Haridwar and Kankhal, the text also mentions that Agastya Rishi repented here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudras (the princess of Vidharba).How one
says, Sage Kapila has an ashram that gives it here, its old name, Kapila or Kapilastan.
The legendary king, Bhagirath, the great-grandson of Suryavanshi King Sagar (an ancestor of Rama), is said to have repented the river Ganges from heaven in Satya Yuga for the redemption of 60,000 of his ancestors from the curse of the sacred Kapila, brought down a tradition continued by thousands of devout Hindus, who brings the ashes of their deceased family members in the hope of their salvation. Lord Vishnu is said to have left his footprint on the stone set in the upper wall of Har-Ki-Pauri where the Holy Ganges touches it at all times.
Haridwar came under the rule of the Maurya Empire (322-185 BCE), and later under the Kushan Empire (c. 1st - 3rd centuries). Archaeological results have proven that terracotta culture, dating between 1700 BCE and 1200 BCE, existed in this area. First written evidence of the modern age of Haridwar is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveler, Huan Tsangs, who visited India in AD 629. has visited. during the reign of King Harshavardhan (590-647) Haridwar records as 'Mo-Yu-Lo', the remains that still exist at Mayapur slightly south of the modern city. Among the ruins are a fort and three temples adorned with broken stone sculptures, he also mentions the presence of a temple north of Mo-Yu-Lo called 'Gangadwara', Gate of the Ganges.
The city was also attacked by the Central Asian conqueror Timur Lang (1336-1405) on January 13, 1399.
During his visit to Haridwar, the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak (1469-1539) bathed at 'Kushwan Ghat', where the famous 'Watering the Corn' episode took place, his visit today is confirmed by a gurudwara (Gurudwara Nanakwara ) thought according to two Sikh Janamsakhis, this visit took place on the day of Baisakhi in 1504 AD. took place, he later also visited Kankhal enroute to Kotdwara in Garhwal. Haridwar pandas are known to have kept genealogy records of most of the Hindu population. Known as vahis, these records are updated on each visit to the city, and are a repository of vast family trees in Northern India.
Ain-e-AkbariWritten by Abul Fazal in the 16th century during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, it so designates Mayan (Mayapur) known as Hardwar on the Ganges "as seven holy cities of Hindus. There are further mentions there are eighteen kos ( each about 2 km) in length and large number of pilgrims, gathers on the 10th of Chaitra.It also mentions that while he was traveling, and also while at home, Mughal emperor, Akbar drank water from the river Ganges he was called “the water of immortality.” Special people were set up at Sorun and later Haridwar to send water, in sealed jars, to wherever it was set up
During the Mughal period there was mint for Akbar copper milling at Haridwar. It is said that Raja Man Singh of Amber laid this foundation of the current city of Haridwar and also renovated the ghats at Har-ki-pauri. After his death, it is also said that his ashes were sunk on Brahma Kund by the Emperor of Mughal Akbar himself. Thomas Coryat, an English traveler who visited the city in the reign of Emperor Jahangir (1596-1627) mentions it as 'Haridwara', the capital of Shiva.
Being one of the oldest living cities, Haridwar finds its mention in the ancient Hindu Bibles as it weaves through life and time, stretching from the Buddha's period to later British Advent. Haridwar has a rich and ancient religious and cultural heritage. It still has many old havelis and mansions that have exquisite murals and intricate masonry.
One of the two main dams on the River Ganges, Bhimgoda, is located here. Built in the 1840s, it diverts the waters of the Ganges to the Upper Ganges Canal, which has irrigated the surrounding lands. Although this caused severe decay to the water flow of the Ganges, and is a major reason for the disintegration of the Ganges as an inland waterway that was heavily used by the ships of the East India Company until the 18th century and a town as high as Tehri became a port - City Considered The spiritual works of the Ganges canal system are located in Haridwar. The Upper Ganges Canal was opened in 1854 after work began in April 1842, caused by the famine of 1837-38. The unique feature of the canal is the half-kilometer aqueduct over the Solani River at Roorkee, which raises the canal 25 meters above the original river.
'Haridwar Union Municipality' was established in 1868 which then included the villages of Mayapur and Kankhal. Haridwar was first connected to railways via Laksar by the branch line in 1886, when the railway line from Awadh and Rohilakhand was extended through Roorkee to Saharanpur, which was later extended to Dehradun in 1900.
In 1901 it had a population of 25,597 and was part of Roorkee tehsil in the Saharanpur District of the United Province, and remained so until the development of Uttar Pradesh in 1947.
Haridwar has been an expected one of the tired in body, mind and spirit. It has also been a center of attraction to experience various arts, science and culture. The city has a long standing position as a great source of Ayurvedic and herbal medicines and is home to unique Gurukul (School of Traditional Education) including Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, which has a vast campus and has provided traditional education of its own kind since 1902. The development of Haridwar took on an upswing in the 1960s, with the erection of a temple of modern civilization, BHEL, 'Navratna PSU' in 1962, which included not only its own township, but BHEL, Ranipur, near the existing village of Ranipur also brought a number of ancillaries in the area. The University of Roorkee, now IIT Roorkee, is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutes for learning in the fields of science and technology.
Geography and climate
the Ganges appears from the mountains to touch the prairie. The water in the River Ganges is mostly clear and generally cold, except during the rainy season when the soil flows from the upper areas below.
The rivers of the River Ganges in a series of separated channels have called aits, most of which are well forested. Other low seasonal flows are Ranipur Rao, Pathri Rao, Rawii Rao, Harnaui Rao, Begam Nadi, etc. Much of the district is forested and Rajaji National Park is within the district's boundaries, making it an ideal destination for wildlife and adventure lovers . Rajaji is accessible through various gates; the Ramgarh Gate and Mohand Gate are within 25 km of Dehradun, while Motichur, Ranipur and Chilla Gates are around 9 km old from Haridwar. Kunao Gate is 6 km from Rishikesh, and Laldhang Gate is 25 km from Kotdwara.
The Haridwar District, covering an area of approximately 2360 km², is in the southwestern part of the Uttarakhand state of India.
Haridwar is located at the height of 314 meters from sea level, between Shivalik hills to the north and northeast and the Ganges river to the south.
- Summer: 25 ° C - 44 ° C
- Winter: 6 ° C - 24 ° C
Hindu genealogy enrolls with Haridwar
Something that is not well known today to Indians and those settled abroad in an ancient custom of Hindu families detailed family genealogies for the past several generations is retained by professional Hindu Brahmin Pandits popular as Pandas, at the Hindu holy city of Haridwar is known in the hand written registers handed down on them through generations from their ancestors of Pandit, which are classified according to original districts and villages of ancestors with special named families of Pandit, which are for named district registers even be responsible for cases where hereditary counties and villages left in Pakistan after the partition of India with Hindus forced to migrate to India. In several cases, current deceased are now Sikhs and many may be Muslims or even Christians. It is quite common for one to find details up to, or even more than, seven previous generations in these of those Haridwar pandas retained genealogy registers.
For centuries, when Hindu ancestors visited the holy city of Haridwar for any purpose, largely for pilgrimage purposes and / or for cremation of their dead or for the immersion of the ashes and bones of their relatives after cremation in the waters of the holy river Ganges, such as Required by Hindu religious habit, it has been an old custom to go to the pundit who is in charge of the family tree and update the family tree with details of all marriages, births and deaths by joint Family expanded.
In the current human visit from India, Haridwar are baffled when pandits out of the blue ask them to come and update their very own genealogical family tree, news trips like devastating fire among pandits with the family named Pandit, who is quickly notified of the visit. Nowadays, with the Hindu shared family system collapsing with people preferring more nuclear families, record-keeping, pandits visitors to Haridwar prefer to come ready after meeting the whole extended family and getting all the relevant details regarding the hereditary district and Village, names of great parents and great great parents and marriages, births and deaths that occurred in the extended family even with as many details as possible of the families who were married in it. A visiting family member is required to personally sign the family's genealogical register maintained by the-Family panda after updating it is equipped for future family visitors and generations to see and certify the updated entries, friends and other family members accompanying on the visit can also be asked to sign as witnesses.
India census, the Haridwar district had a population of 295,213. Men make up 54% of the population and women, 46%. Hardware has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and female literacy is 64%. In hardware, 12% of the population is under six years of age.
In Hindu traditions, 'Panch Tirth' (Five Pilgrimages) within Haridwar are Gangadwara (Har ki Pauri), Kushwart (Ghat in Kankhal), Bilwa Teerth (Mansa Devi Temple) and Neel Parvat (Chandi Devi Temple). There are several other temples and ashrams located in and around the city. Also, alcohol and non-vegetarian food are not allowed in Haridwar.
Har ki Pauri
This sacred ghat was built by King Vikramaditya (the 1st century BC) in memory of his brother Bhrithari. It is believed that Bhrithari came to Haridwar and meditated on the banks of the sacred Ganges. When he died, his brother built Ghat in his name, which later came to be known as Har-Ki-Pauri. The holiest ghat within Har-ki-Pauri is Brahmakund. The evening prayer (aarti) in the twilight offered to the goddess Ganga at Har-Ki-Pauri (steps of the god Hara or Shivas) is an enchanting experience for every visitor. A spectacle of tone and color is seen when, after the ceremony, pilgrims float diyas (floats of flowers with lamps) and fragrance on the river, commemorating their deceased ancestors. Thousands of people from around the world are really making an argument to attend this prayer on their visit to Haridwar. A majority of the present day ghats were largely developed in the 1800s.
Chandi Devi temple
The temple is dedicated to the goddess Chandi, who sits on top of 'Neel Parvat' on the east bank of the river Ganges. It was built in 1929 AD by the King of Kashmir, Suchat Singh. Skanda Purana mentions a legend in which Chanda-Munda, the army chief of a local demon Kings Shumbh and Nishumbha were killed here by the goddess Chandi, after whom the place was named Chandi Devi. It is believed that the main statue was founded by Adi Shankracharya in the 8th century AD. The temple is a 3 km trek from Chandighat and can also be reached by a suspension railway.
Mansa Devi Temple
Located at the top of Bilwa Parwat, the temple of the goddess Mansa Devi, literally meaning the goddess who fulfills wishes (Mansa), is a popular travel destination especially because of the cabins that offer a picturesque view of the entire city. The main temple houses two idols of the goddess, one with three mouths and five arms, while the other has eight arms.
Maya Devi Temple
Dating to the 11th century, this ancient temple is considered one of Siddhapethas by Maya Devi, the deity of Adhisthatri of Hardwar, and is said to be the place where the heart and navel of the goddess Sati fell. It is one of the few ancient temples still standing in Haridwar, along with the temple of Narayani Shila and Bhairav temples.
The ancient temple of the Temple of Daksha Mahadev also known as Daksheswara Mahadev, is located in the southern city of Kankhal. According to Hindu texts, King Daksha Prajapati, father of Dakshayani, the first wife of Mr. Shiva, performed a yagna to which he deliberately did not invite Mr. Shiva. When he arrived uninvited, he was further offended by the king, seeing that Sati felt angry and himself sacrificed himself in yagna kund. King Daksha was later killed by the demon Virabhadra, who was born out of the anger of Shiva. Later the king was brought to life and given a head to a goat by Shiva. Daksha Mahadev Temple pays homage to this legend.
Sati Kund, another well-known mythological heritage worth visiting is located in Kankhal. Legend has it that Sati himself sacrificed in this.
Built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi, this 'Dargah' by Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari, the 13th century, the Sufi saint of the Chishti order (also known as Sarkar Sabir Pak), in the village of Kaliyar, 7 km. von Roorkee, is a living example of religious harmony in India, visited by devotees from all over the world during the annual festival of 'von Urs', which is celebrated from the 1st day of the moon on the 16th day of the month of Rabi Al-awwal can be seen in the Islamic calendar.
Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar
Located on the important Ganges or Neel Dhara River at the Bhimgoda Dam, this bird sanctuary is a bird watcher's paradise and home to many migratory birds during the winter time.
This cistern is located approximately 1 km from Har ki Pauri. It is said that while Pandavas were walking in the Himalayas through Haridwar, Prince Bhima drew water from the rocks here by pushing his knee (goda) to the very bottom.
Doodhadhari Barfani Temple
Part of the ashram of Doodhadhari Barfani Baba, this white marble temple complex is one of the most beautiful temples in Haridwar, especially the temples of Rama-Sita and Hanuman.
Sureshvari Devi Temple
Temple of the goddess Sureshwari, which is located in the middle of the beautiful Rajaji National Park. Cheerful and religious makes this temple await worshipers, saints etc. Located on the outskirts of Haridwar in Ranipur and permission from foresters is necessary.
A modern temple made entirely of pieces of glass, Pawan Dham is now a popular travel destination. The temple complex was built through the effort of Swami Vedantanand Ji Maharaj, and the institute located there is growing under the leadership of Swami SahajPrakash Ji Maharaj. Moga people in Punjab have put considerable effort and money into erecting this place.
Bharat Mata Mandir
Bharat Mata Mandir is a multi-story temple that Bharat Mata (Mother India) is dedicated. Bharat Mata Mandir was introduced on May 15, 1983 by Indira Gandhi on the banks of the Ganges River. It's next to Smanvaya Ashram located, and stands eight stories high to a height of. Each floor traces an age in Indian history from the days of Ramayan to India's independence.
On the first floor is the statue of Bharat Mata. The second floor, Shoor Mandir, is dedicated to the well-known heroes of India. The third floor Matru Mandir is dedicated to the results of India's adored women such as Meera Bai, Savitri, Maitri, etc. The great saints of various religions including Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism are on the fourth floor Sant Mandir shown. The boardroom with walls depicting the symbolic coexistence of all religions practiced in India and images depicting history and beauty in different provinces is located on the fifth floor. The various forms of the goddess of Shakti can be seen on the sixth floor, while the seventh floor is dedicated to all the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The eighth floor holds the shrine of Lord Shiva, from which pendant a panorama of the Himalayas, Haridwar and the grandeur of the entire campus of Sapta Sarovar be able to win.
The temple was built under the former Shankaracharya Maha-Mandleshwar Swami Satyamitranand Giriji Maharaj. Since Swami Satyamitranand's foundation began in 1998, several other branches have been opened, namely in Renukut, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Indore and Ahmedabad.
Famous for its diorama display and a massive white statue depicting the famous episode of Samudra manthan, a must see - for every visitor.
Sapt Rishi Ashram and Sapt Sarovar
A picturesque place near Haridwar where seven great sages or Saptarishis, namely Kashyapa, Vashisht, Atri, Vishwamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja and Gautam, are said to have meditated. The Ganges has split into seven streams at this place so that Rishis would not be disturbed by the river.
Located in Harihar Ashram, Kankhal. Parad Shivling (mercury shivling) weighing around 150 kg and the Rudraksha tree are the main attractions here.
Located in shravan nath nagar town near the train station, this is the important ashram of Ramanand Sampraday in Haridwar. Mahant Bhagwan That is the chief of this ashram.
Anandamayi Maa Ashram
Located in Kankhal, one of five sub-towns of Haridwar, the ashram houses of the samadhi shrine of Sri Anandamoyi Ma (1896-1982), a well-known saint of India.
Shantikunj is the headquarter of the famous spiritual and social organization All World Gayatri Pariwar (AWGP) founded by Pt Shriram Sharma Acharya. Its located at a distance of 6 km from the train station from Haridwar to Rishikesh / Dehradun on NH58. At the bank of the holy corridor and between the rows of Shivalik of the Himalayas, its also a place of attraction for tourists as well as seekers of spiritual guidance.
Patanjali Yogpeeth (trust)
Patanajli yogptth is located on Haridwar - Delhi Highway. this is a yoga facility and research center run by Swami Ramdev. every day 1000 of the person come here for yoga n other purpose.this is one of the best place in Haridwar to see
Gurukul Kangri University - 4 km
Located in Kankhal, on the banks of the Ganges River, on Haridwar-Jwalapur bypass road, Gurukul Kangri is one of India's oldest universities, it was founded in 1902 by Swami Shraddhananda (1856-1926), according to the doctrines of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj founded. It has also been visited by British Union Leader Charles Freer Andrews and British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald to study Gurukul Unique Supported Education System. Here Alter Vedic and Sanskrit literature, Ayurveda, philosophy is part of the curriculum other than Modern Sciences and Journalism. Its 'Archaeological Museum', (estb. 1945) houses some rare statues, coins, pictures, manuscripts and artifacts, starting from the culture of Harappa (c.2500-1500 BC). Mahatma Gandhi has visited the campus three times, and has stayed in its sprawling and serene campus for extended periods of time, most notably during 1915-Kumbh mela, followed by a visit in 1916 when on March 20 he spoke on the Gurukul anniversary.
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya - 7 km
Established in 2002 by the act of the Uttarnchal government, it is a fully residential university. Run by Sri Vedmata Gayatri Trust, Shantikunj Haridwar (Headquarters of Gayatri Pariwar), it provides various degree, diploma and certificate courses in areas such as Yogic Science, Alternative Therapy, Indian Culture, Tourism, Rural Management, Theology (Dharm Vigyan), the Spiritual Rates etc available. It also provides courses through distance learning.
Chinmaya Degree University
Located in Shivalik Nagar, 10 km from Haridwar city. one of the science universities in Haridwar.
Vishwa Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya
Sanskrit University, by Govt. Haridwar established by Uttarakhand are the only university in the world devoted to studies of ancient Sanskrit Bibles, books. Also has curriculum that covers ancient Hindu rituals, culture and tradition, and boasts a building inspired by ancient Hindu architecture style.
St. Mary's Senior High School
St. Mary's School, located in Jwalapur, constantly encourages students to fight for excellence in every field and instills in them a keen urban and social sense.
Delhier Public School, Ranipur
One of the main educational institutes in the area and part of the Delhier world public school society. Known for excellent academic results and sports and unscheduled activities along with best facilities laboratories and surrounding areas provided.
D.A.V centenary public school
The DAV school in the Jagjeetpur area not only provides education but also provides morals to its students so that everyone can set fire to every corner of the world.
Kendriya Vidyalaya, B.H.E.L.
Kendriya Vidyalaya, B.H.E.L., a major educational institute in Hardwar, was established on July 7, 1975. Admitted to the Central Committee of Higher Education, the school has over 2000 students on the role from pre-primary to senior secondary (Class XII).
Municipal Pannalal Bhalla Burial University
One of the oldest Buried university located in the heart of the city.
Govt Ayurvedic Collge & Hospital, Gurukul Kanri, HNB Garwal University
It is one of the oldest medical university (Ayurvedic) in India. It is located on the Gurukul Kangri University Campus. About 50 Ayurvedic doctors come out of it every year.
Ayuevedic State College & Hospital Rishikul, Haridwar
It is the oldest Ayurvedic Medical University in India. It is located near Devpura in Haridwar on the banks of the Upper Ganaes Canal. It also provides post graduate education for Ayurveda. soon available it will be remodeled as the first Ayuevedic University of Uttarakhand.
School of Computer Education, B.H.E.L.
It is one of the main institutes located in BHEL premises. Commonly known as SCE or HRDC. It runs accredited 'O' level from DOEACC and 'A' level courses. DOEACC ceasingly rank it as best DOEACC build in Uttrakhand.
Shivedale School, Jagjeetpur.
It is accepted school of a CBSE run by Shri Swami Sharad Puri, it has acclaimed impressive reputation and is one of the most prominent and successful institutions around Haridwar.
Its housed a CBSE school located on the Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya campus run by the Sri Vedmata Gayatri Trust, Shantikunj Haridwar (World Headquarters Gayatri Pariwar).
Whizzkid international school.
Important areas within the city
B.H.E.L. Ranipur Municipality
The campus of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Navratna Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) will be spread over an area of 12 km². The main factory consists of two departments: Heavy Electricals Equipment Plant (HEEP) and Central Foundry Forge Plant (CFFP). Together they employ more than 8,000 specialist staff. Divided into six sectors that provide excellent housing, education and medical facilities.
Bahadrabad - 7 km.
It is located on Haridwar-Delhi National Highway at a distance of 7 km from Haridwar. Nearby, in the village of Pathri, is the Bhimgoda Dam built on the Upper Ganges Canal in 1955. It also has block development office under which many developed villages (e.g. Khedli, Kisanpur Rohalki, Atmalpur Bongla, Sitapur, Alipur, Salempur etc.) come.
SIDCUL - 5 km.
A massive industrial area, spread over 2034 acres, developed by State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), a state government body. With large companies like Hindustan Unilever Limited, Dabur, Mahindra & Mahindra, Havells moving in SIDCUL is set to develop into another industrial borough within the city. 3 km away from Delhi-Hardwar National Highway, SIDCUL is adjacent to BHEL Township, an important Public Sector Township.
An old part of the city, Jwalapur is the financial & industrial capital of the city and is now a major trade and shopping center for the locals.
A good picnic gets spotty with a dam and artificial lake nearby. Elephants and other wild animals could easily be spotted.
One of Haridwar's newest and largest residential areas. Is divided into different grapes. Mainly developed as the residential colony for BHEL employees, but with the advent of SIDCUL, population and financial activity in the area has exploded due to its proximity.
Haridwar is the headquarters of the Haridwar District, and it has good connectivity with the other cities in the district and the state.
National Highway 58, between the Delhi and Mana Passes, goes through Haridwar connecting it with Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzzafarnagar, Roorkee and Badrinath and National Highway 74 emerging from Haridwar connects it with Kashipur, Kichha, Nagina, Pilibhit and Bareilly.
The Haridwar train station located in Haridwar is under the control of the Northern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct connections to the capitals of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Indore, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram, but it lacks direct connectivity to capitals of central India namely Jabalpur, Bhopal, Gwalior and Nagpur.
The nearest indoor airport is Funny Grant Airport in Dehradun which is located 35 km from Haridwar. Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi is the nearest international airport.
Haridwar is rapidly developing as an important industrial township of Uttarakhand since the State Government Agency, SIDCUL established in 2002, set up the Unified Industrial Estate in a district that attracts many important industrial houses that set up manufacturing facilities in the area.
Haridwar has a thriving industrial area on the bypass, comprising mostly subordinate units to PSU, BHEL, which was established here in 1964 and currently employs more than 8,000 people.
- Haridwar District
- Kumbha Mela
- People of Garhwali
- Haridwar - Gangadware Mahatirthe, Ed Shalini Saran. Haridwar Development Authority, Govt. from Uttar Pradesh, 1992.http: //lccn.loc.gov/93906667
- Gate to the Gods: Haridwar-Rishikesh. Rupinder Khullar, Reeta Khullar. 2004, UBS publisher. Standard International Book Number 81-7476-460-7.
- Hardware Melafrom the caves and jungles of Hindostan (1879-80), by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891).
- report, through the Archaeological Survey of India, Alexander Cunningham. Published by the Office of the Supervisor of Government Printing, 1871. Chapt 30: Haridwar or Gangadwara, p. 231-236.
- Chapter XVII: The Himalayas, Hardwar. India, past and present, by Charles Harcourt Ainslie Forbes-Lindsay. Published by J.C. Winston, 1903. Page 295.
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