A sore throat is contagious

Pharyngitis: What You Should Know About Pharyngitis

The course and treatment are different for acute and chronic pharyngitis. It is also crucial whether it is a viral or bacterial throat inflammation. Here you can find out everything about the symptoms, when a doctor's visit is necessary and what you can do about it yourself.

You can find the information you need here:


  • In the case of an inflammation of the throat (pharyngitis), the mucous membranes of the throat wall are inflamed.
  • Symptoms include pain in the throat and throat and difficulty swallowing, but may vary depending on the cause.
  • Risk of transmission: the acute inflammation of the throat is contagious, the chronic one is not.
  • If you have severe pain and fever, you should see a doctor.
  • Treatment: Symptoms of a sore throat can be relieved with pain relievers or home remedies.

What is a sore throat?

A sore throat (Pharyngitis) it is when the mucous membranes of the pharynx wall are inflamed. Doctors differentiate between acute and chronic pharyngitis.

In the acute form the inflammation in the throat is often caused by a flu-like infection. Most are Viruses the cause of a common cold and therefore pharyngitis. The symptoms should subside after a few days.

At a bacterial sore throat Caution is advised as it can in some cases cause various complications. Severe pain in the throat, visible pus, especially in the direction of the tonsils, and a high fever may indicate this. However, there are also non-purulent complications.

Bacteria are less often the main cause of pharyngitis. Viruses usually attack the mucous membranes first and weaken the immune system. Bacteria then have an easy time of it and can colonize. Experts speak of one here bacterial superinfection

If the disease lasts longer than three months, there is a chronic inflammation of the throat.Unlike acute pharyngitis, neither bacteria nor viruses are the cause. Rather, the origin lies in external influences or behavior of the person concerned. For example, nicotine or alcohol abuse, radiation therapy in the head or neck area, regular contact with chemicals or dust and excessive use of the voice (in the case of so-called frequent speakers) are possible triggers.

Pharyngitis Risks

A sore throat can lead to diseases such as tonsillitis or laryngitis. They are one of the possible consequences of a sore throat or are associated with it.

A sore throat in connection with accumulations of pus can also lead to complications which, in the worst case, have serious health consequences. This includes, for example, an abscess (encapsulated collection of pus) in the area of ​​the tonsils. This case rarely occurs, but can lead to devastating complications: If you do nothing about the abscess, there is a possibility that the inflammation will spread further and, for example, affect the chest area. Non-purulent complications are secondary diseases of a streptococcal infection such as acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN).4

Symptoms and course of a sore throat?

Depending on the type of throat inflammation, the symptoms also vary. Acute pharyngitis manifests itself through the following signs, among others:

  • Scratching up to pain in the throat and throat area
  • difficulties swallowing
  • rough, dry feeling of the throat
  • reddened lining of the throat
  • possibly fever

Since an acute sore throat sometimes accompanies a cold, typical symptoms of a cold such as hoarseness and runny nose are among the well-known complaints. The signs usually occur a lot suddenly or swiftly one after the other and should be followed by adequate bed rest and relaxation some days to subside.

A chronic inflammation of the throat however, creeps quietly and slowly into everyday life. The symptoms usually start with a feeling that the throat area is very dry. Consequently clear throat and cough sufferers accordingly. Over time, other signs such as the impression that you are foreign body to have in the throat. If you notice that these symptoms are spreading, you should urgently consult a doctor. The early treatment and eliminating the cause, such as cigarette consumption, are essential for the duration of a sore throat.

Transmission routes: is a sore throat contagious?

Not only the symptoms depend on the type of pharyngitis, but also the risk of infection. A chronic inflammation of the throat causes other than viruses or bacteria, which is why they are non-infectious is.

However, you have to be careful with one acute pharyngitis: She is contagious and can be over Droplet infection, for example sneezing, coughing or kissing, become the suffering of those around you. During the course of the disease, you should avoid direct physical contact and large crowds such as the shopping center.

Already knew?

It doesn't matter if it's a viral or bacterial inflammation of the throat acts, a acute pharyngitis is contagious.

Pharyngitis: When to See a Doctor

If you have any of these signs, you should seek medical advice:

  • severe sore throat and throat
  • persistent fever
  • especially limp and tired general well-being
  • Pain in the ear area
  • Accumulations of pus in the throat

In order to make a reliable diagnosis, the doctor examines the pharynx and throat area. If he suspects a bacterial throat infection, creates one smear Clarity. He can thus determine whether bacteria or viruses are the cause and prescribe appropriate treatment.

What can you do if you have a sore throat?

Experts often recommend antibiotic therapy, if bacteria are considered responsible pathogens. At a viral sore throat on the other hand, it is about reducing the symptoms and shortening the duration of the illness. Among other things, pain relievers are suitable, which also lower fever at the same time. GeloRevoice® Throat tablets help with acute as well as chronic pharyngitis: They create the Revoice Hydro-Depot®that forms a protective film on the mucous membranes in the throat and pharynx. This can help quickly relieve sore throats such as sore throat, cough and hoarseness.

You can use home remedies to help reduce symptoms of sore throat, such as a sore throat.

Among other things, the following have proven themselves:

  • warm or cold compresses
  • Steam inhalation
  • Gargle
  • drinking plenty of fluids in the form of water or tea

Basically, you have to give your body enough relaxation and rest in order to achieve rapid healing. If the pharyngitis is over, it is important to prevent a new disease. In order for the immune system to be able to fight off new pathogens effectively, it must be strengthened. For this you should exercise enough, eat a healthy and balanced diet and avoid permanent stress.

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