What do I do after engineering 2

Master of Science (M.Sc.)

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What is the Master of Science?

The Master of Science is one of eight Master’s degrees that you can follow up with your Bachelor’s degree. The subjects that end with the Master of Science degree usually belong to the subjects of natural sciences, mathematics or technology.

The degree courses in physics, biology and computer science usually lead to a Master of Science degree. But the university can also award you a Master of Science as an alternative to the Master of Arts if you are studying business administration. Most courses leading to a Master of Science degree are consecutive courses - this means that they follow on from a related or related bachelor's degree.

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The Master of Science degree

As a rule, the Master of Science course comprises 4 semesters. With a consecutive Master’s degree, the course builds on the Bachelor’s course and deepens what has been previously learned. Some universities also offer highly specialized postgraduate courses that focus specifically on a specific area of ​​focus. At the end of your master’s degree, you always have to write your master’s thesis.

Depending on the course of study, the master’s degree sometimes only takes 2 semesters. This is often the case if the previous Bachelor's degree comprised 8 semesters of standard study time. In addition, there are also master’s courses with a standard period of 3 semesters. These can often be found at universities of applied sciences, as the standard period of study for the previous bachelor's degree programs is usually extended to 7 semesters by a one-semester internship.

Differences between Master of Science and Master of Engineering

As with the Bachelor of Science, there is also a problem of differentiating between the Master of Science and the Master of Engineering. The Master of Engineering is usually a degree for engineering courses. Depending on the subject, the universities can also award this master’s degree for natural science subjects. There is no uniform regulation among the universities. In general, the Master of Science course focuses more on research and theory, while the Master of Engineering course is more practice-oriented. Universities are increasingly awarding the Master of Science and the universities of applied sciences predominantly the Master of Engineering.

Who is the Master of Science for?

In order to take up a Master of Science degree, a completed undergraduate degree with a technical or scientific focus is a prerequisite. The lecturers and professors assume that basic techniques and knowledge from the respective area are known and do not repeat them again. Especially if you have a bachelor's degree with an interdisciplinary focus, such as molecular biotechnology, you should find out about the necessary prior knowledge.

Each university has different requirements for admission to a Master of Science degree. This can include job interviews, letters of motivation and recruitment tests. Most universities now also have an NC for their master’s courses.

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Which subjects lead to a Master of Science degree?

In contrast to the Master of Arts, which is often offered as a dual-subject master’s degree, the Master of Science program is usually limited to one subject. The subjects that you complete with a Master of Science include, for example:

In addition, many universities offer a Master of Science degree in highly specialized subjects, such as:

  • Aquaculture
  • biomedical technology
  • Computational engineering
  • Functional plant science
  • Health economics

The Master of Science in medicine

Even after the Bologna process, the medical degree in the sense of a doctor's training does not end with a bachelor's or master's degree, but with the second state examination. In addition, there are a number of medical subjects in which the graduates do not later work as doctors. The students complete subjects such as biomedical engineering, clinical epidemiology or bioinformatics with a Master of Science. Often the graduates of corresponding courses find employment in medical research or in business.

The Master of Science in Natural Sciences

Anyone striving for a Master of Science degree in a natural science subject should always be aware that mathematics is an elementary part of the degree. Furthermore, certain methods such as precise observation, measuring, analyzing, assigning and describing are basic requirements. Students in this subject group should have logical and abstract thinking skills and have fun examining issues comprehensively.

At some universities, the mastery of certain methods and techniques is a prerequisite for starting a scientific degree. Admission to the Master’s course "Computational Sciences - Computer-Aided Natural Sciences" sometimes requires programming experience, evidence of knowledge of mathematics and a scientific subject. In addition, the applicant must have collected a certain number of credit points in these subjects in the bachelor's degree. The exact formal criteria can vary greatly depending on the university, so you should inquire carefully in advance. If you discover deficits in yourself, some universities offer special preparation courses to compensate for them.

Perspectives with the Master of Science

The Master of Science enables you to complete a doctorate and can thus lay the foundation for a scientific career. With a Master of Science you can assert yourself directly on the job market. As one of the most important locations for scientific and medical research, Germany has a great need for well-trained junior staff in these areas. Numerous companies are therefore looking for creative and well-trained specialists with a Master of Science degree who can provide new impulses in research. At the same time, graduates of a Master of Science degree are able to work globally thanks to their internationally oriented degree.