Which word root means anything or everything

The key to the Arabic language

Three consonants form the root of Arabic words

The easier it is to describe complicated structures, the more beautiful the idea behind them shines, also because you understand something and that is just beautiful. Beauty and simplicity go hand in hand not only in mathematics, but also in the Arabic language.

Speaking is something natural and the language with its language rules should be too. But the conjugation alone (inflection of verbs) in German is sometimes hair-raising for the learner and does not seem natural at all (many prefer to bend the knee than one dear friend [1]). The Arabic language (Lughra-Fusha) has retained the original. A beauty grows out of simplicity and clarity which culminates in the naturalness of the rules of language [2]. And because it is so simply of course hardly anyone notices it. The key to the Arabic language is something great and yet remains hidden from most people, but those who have found it have found something really significant, with it the gates of knowledge can be opened.

Finding a living language [3] whose words (verbs, adjectives, nouns are meant) based on 3 consonants is unique, but then, this consonant triple, this root, which represents nothing other than an idea, a fuzziness, a blurred one An idea of ​​the original meaning, then, with this root, finding many more words that form a large word family [4] is unique. And just as membership in a real family is determined by parentage (parent-child), the Arabic word family is also determined by the inflection of the root consonants. No matter how different the family members are in appearance and behavior, at least one thing can always be found in common. The same applies to the Arabic family of words. Finding connections between the most varied of words enables a deeper understanding of the things mentioned.

This is not all. In the Arabic language (Lughhra Fusha), inflections are not disordered (arbitrary, irregular) but well-ordered. - However, one by one -

Probably the most outstanding mathematical element in the Arabic language is that root. Most Arabic words can be broken down into three consonants (arab. Harf Sakin = dormant letter) reduce or, in other words, three consonants form the starting point for word formation. This three-consonant sequence will also Word root or shorter root called. Put simply, almost every Arabic word is made up of the root (3 consonants) and vowels as initial and final sounds together.


Image 1:
From the consonants S T N
by adding vowels
formed words.

The German language only extends to the root of the word and not deeper to the root, but I would like to explain the root system to you using German words:
The arbitrary three-consonant sequence (root) S T N should arbitrarily with vowels filled out be around meaningful words too produce. After a little thought you will find the words, oSTeN, STeggN, S.eggTeN (see picture 1). There are a few more, but you will find that word formation using this method is not that easy, and the words generated in this way have no relation to one another. Just try three other consonants.

While in the example above you are already happy to generate half a dozen words, reaps From an Arabic word root you get a lot more words, between 20 and 30 in everyday practical use and well over 200 as a theoretical value. A noble abundance, the great potential of the language lies hidden here (more on this in the chapter "The gateway to the Arabic language").

The Arabic language uses this method to develop all of your words (approx. 90% using the three consonant sequence and approx. 10% using the two or four consonant sequence). If you can even speak of a basis in the German language, then it is the root of the word. The graphic below compares the German root with the Arabic root.

Comparison: German stem with Arabic root

Picture 2:
Pictorial comparison, German stem with Arabic root

While the German root remains unchanged and is only surrounded by initial and final sounds, the Arabic root is also inflected with inlaids and morphemes (location or state particles) [5]. Each root is assigned an approximate meaning, here is the root K T B the meaning content "everything that has to do with writing in the broadest sense" assigned.

In the picture above, intro and final sounds were added to the word root, so that a word was created (more on this in the next chapter). In picture 3 below the opposite way is shown, the removal of the initial and final sounds so that the word root becomes visible again. The word root "draw" is not difficult because the technique used is independent of the words. So I don't need any knowledge or translation of an Arabic word to get the root of the word. An abstract process similar to numbers, whether I "pull" the square root of the number 10 or some other number, the thoughts on this are always the same.

"Pulling" the root of an Arabic word

Picture 3: Arabic words are from home Manageable and consist mainly of 5, sometimes 6, rarely 7 consonants. Vowels are only placed as small symbols above or below the consonants. To "pull" the root of an Arabic word means nothing more than finding and extracting the (mostly two to four) consonants that make up the word. It is ultimately the fields in the word formation pattern or in the Matrix of derivatives, (see next chapter). After this extraction process, the word root remains with its approximate meaning in the form of the three consonants.
In the above example it is sufficient to add the consonant at the beginning (M) and at the end (H) to remove the root of the word K T B to make visible.

With the arabic root learners can also enjoy this language. Learning a foreign language means cramming vocabulary, i.e. reading the word pairs (foreign word / translation) from a vocabulary list, pausing, reciting - and again and again. Sounds monotonous, anyone who has already done this quickly develops a strategy that suits them so that what they have learned finds its place in long-term memory and is not forgotten after a few hours. The spectrum of learning methods is now broadly diversified - from vocabulary trainer apps to superlearning and pictures to the familiar "donkey bridges".

In my opinion, Arabic has a very efficient and imaginative learning method. I only have to know the root in the form of the three consonants and the approximate meaning of the meaning, then I can derive many more words from it (see Table 1).

Arabic root

approximate meaning content
some derived words
ك ت بK T Bhas somehow with write to doAuthor, letter, correspond, office, library, ...
ف ع لF Ā Lsomehow something to dopractical, active, doing, reaction, effectiveness, reactor, ...
ع ق بĀ Q Bto end walkHeel, pass path, end, follow, ...
ن ط قN T Qhas somehow with articulate to dospeak, question, hear, speech, phonetics, ...
ب د وB D Whas somehow with appear to doapparently, clearly, show yourself, Bedouin, ...

Table 1: One could create a root list like this or something like that. The advantage over a vocabulary list is obvious. A vocabulary list always has a 1: 1 (word to word) assignment. A root list has at least a 1:20 (root to many words) assignment.


[1] Mark Twain, see chapter "Flexion simply explained"

[2] More about the naturalness of the language rules in the chapter "The names of words".

[3] Arabic ranks 6th in the world languages.

[4] This has nothing to do with the German word family, the words of which are only formed around the word stem.

[5] Some initials also begin with consonants (M, S, T, Y) but they are the same for every word. More about this in the chapter "The gateway to the Arabic language" and the following.