What is a neurotypic test

If you have read something in the literature on the subject of autism, or in blogs like this one, you will come across the term neurotypical again and again. You can find out what the term means here.

Neurovariances

The following terms are used to differentiate in the literature:

Neurotypical

Neurologically typical, that is, without a defined neurological difference.

Neurotypical (for neurologically typical, short NT, too norm-neuro) is a neologism that is used when referring to people who do not have autism. So these are those people whose neurological development and status match what most people consider normal in terms of language and social skills.

The word “neurotypical” was invented in the 1990s by the “Autism Rights” movement, which advocates the rights of autistic people. They wanted to use it to denote people who are not autistic, so that one had a term for it. “Neuron” comes from “brain cell”. The word "neurotypical" was invented because it has been proven that autistic people do not have typical brains. Certain areas of the brain are larger, others are smaller, and some are shaped differently. In addition, their brains work differently for certain tasks.

The word “neurotypical” was also adopted by science over time, but used with a slightly different meaning. So everyone who has a typical brain is neurotypical. B. People with ADHD, dyslexia, epilepsy and the like are also not neurotypical. The word "neurotypical" thus exists in two different meanings, once in the meaning "non-autistic" and once in the meaning "not conspicuous brain".

Allistic

The word "allistic" also means "non-autistic". In contrast to “neurotypical”, however, “allistic” could not prevail. You rarely hear this term.

Neurodivergent

An umbrella term that includes people with different psychological differences and behavioral differences / disorders.

The term refers to those with mood disorders, anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and eating disorders. Note that the term "disorder" is very questionable in some cases.

The neologism Neurodiversity arose in the late 1990s as a criticism of the prevailing view that neurological diversity is inherently pathological. It has its origins in the neurodiversity movement and dates back to the 1990s. Its origin is attributed to Judy Singer, an Australian social scientist who researches autism and relates this concept formation to a new neurological self-awareness.

graphic

Take a look at the Euler diagram below to visualize what these terms encompass and what terms they overlap with.

How do autistic people call themselves

Autistic people perceive their autistic characteristics as belonging to their person and identify with them. The terms “autistic” and “autistic person” refer to this autistic sense of identity. You don't have autism, you ARE autistic. Some autistic people prefer to be referred to as "people with autism" because they do not want to be reduced to their autism. It doesn't really matter how you say it, though. Actually, all of the terms mentioned here are correct.

Highly functional autistics (Asperger's Syndrome) often refer to themselves as Aspie, a short form of Asperger's Syndrome. This short form is very popular within the autism community. In the new ICD 10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems), Asperger's Syndrome will no longer be present as Asperger's Syndrome, but rather as an Autism Spectrum Disorder. It will be interesting to see what new naming the Aspie community will then give itself.

In any case, I never called myself an aspie, but used the term autistic.