Why are the pants I wear plural

Lesson 2: clothing

In this lesson

What do you wear today?

There are four people here. What are these people wearing? From left to right you can see Elizabeth, Simone, Faye and Maureen.

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What do you wear today? Talk to a partner. Ask yes / no questions:

  1. Do you wear a dress
  2. Do you wear pants
  3. Do you wear sandals
  4. Do you wear a jacket
  5. Are you wearing a t-shirt
  6. Do you carry a backpack
  7. Are you wearing glasses?
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Verbs:wear (to wear)

The irregular verb "wear”(To wear or to carry) is often referred to as a“ vowel-changing verb ”because it has a vowel change in the present-tense singular“ du ”and“ sie / er / es ”forms, where the vowel“ a ”Becomes“ ä ”(a with an umlaut above it).

Singular Plural  
Isluggishwewear
youwearyouwearing
youwearyouwear
she / it / he
xier / they
wearingyouwear

Other vowel-changing verbs that follow the same pattern (a => ä; au => äu) include "sleep"(To sleep),"to wash"(To wash), and"to run”(To walk or run).

 

Verbs:see (to see)

S.marry"(To see) is also an irregular verb with a vowel change in the present tense. Like “wear,” it has a vowel change in the singular “du” and “she / he / es” forms, but with “see” the vowel “e” becomes “ie.”

Singular Plural  
Iseewesee
youseeyoulook
youseeyousee
she / it / he
xier / they
seesyousee

Another vowel-changing verb that follows the same pattern (e => ie) is "read"(To read): I read, you read, she / it / he reads, we read, etc.

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What do you wear today?

Today I wear ...Write complete sentences describing what you are wearing today, using the verb wear.

Student X wears today ...Then write what another person in your class is wearing today.

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What do you see? What are these people wearing?

Discuss the picture below with a partner. What do you see? What are the people wearing? What colors and articles of clothing do you see?

What do you see in this photo? Who wears what?

=> I see ... you / he / it / Xier is wearing ...

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Plural forms

Unlike English nouns, which usually form their plurals with the suffix -s, German has a variety of commonly-appearing plural forms. Consider the following examples:

SingularPluralsingular + plural in vocabulary listsEnglish meaning (singular)
the swimsuitthe swimsuitsthe swimsuit, -¨ebathing suit
the bra / brassierethe bras / brasthe bra, -s / the brassiere,bra / brassiere
the shirtthe shirtsthe shirt, -enbutton-down shirt
the dressthe clothesthe dress, -hedress
the headscarfthe headscarvesthe headscarf, - itheadscarf
the coatthe coatsthe coatcoat
the sweater / sweaterthe sweaters / sweatersthe sweater, - / the sweater, -spullover sweater; sweatshirt
the skirtthe skirtsthe skirt, -¨eskirt
the shoethe shoesthe shoe, -eshoe
the sockthe socksthe sockssock
the bootthe bootsthe boot, -boat
the T-Shirtthe T-Shirtsthe t-shirt, -st-shirt
the underpantsthe underpantsthe underpants, -nunderpants

As the table shows, the definite article for all plural nouns is "the, "Regardless of the noun’s class in the singular.

A few German nouns form plurals by adding the suffix -s the same way most English nouns do. This is not common except with loan words like “das T-Shirt” or abbreviated words like “der Sweater” (short for “der Pullover”). Both of these nous form their plurals with -s (the T-shirts; the sweaters).

German nouns form plurals in several other ways too: by adding the suffix -e, -he, -n, or -en; by adding an umlaut (¨) to the main vowel (with a, o, or u only); or by combining a suffix with an umlauted vowel. Some nouns– such as “der Pullover” and “der Stiefel” above– have no additional plural ending, so their plurals are signaled in other ways, such as the article “die” (die Pullover, die Stiefel). Paying attention to the context will help you determine whether these are singular or plural forms.

The vocabulary lists inLimitlessGerman provide the plural forms of nouns by adding a comma and a dash after the singular form, followed by an umlaut (if applicable) and the plural suffix. For example, "the blouses”Indicates that the plural of“ die Blouse ”(blouse) is“the blousen,"And"the backpack, -¨e"Signals that the plural form of" the backpack "is"the RucksÄcke. "

A dash with nothing following it indicates that the noun’s plural form is the same as its singular form. Remember, however, that the definite article will always become "the"For plural nouns. "the belt, -”Therefore indicates that the plural form of“ der Gürtel ”(belt) is simply“the Belt "(no additional suffix), while"the coat”Indicates that the plural of“ der Mantel ”(coat) has no additional suffix but that the stem vowel gets an umlaut:“the M.Äntel. "

It is important to note that while the English pants, underpants, otherglasses are always plural, their German equivalents are singular: "the pants,” “the underpants, -n, ”And“the glasses"Are only used in their plural forms when referring to multiple pairs. But other German clothing terms borrowed from English, such as "the jeans"And"the shorts,"Have plural forms only!

TIP: When you learn a new noun, be sure to learn its both its singular class (die, das, der) as well as its plural form.

Work with the structure

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What items of clothing are there in your closet?

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Negation: Not

 

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