Is fear a medical term


English: anxiety, fear

1 definition

anxiety is an undirected emotional state that signals an undefined threat.

2 background

It is characteristic of fear that it relates to an indefinite situation. On the other hand, there is fear, which relates to concrete situations. Fear of spiders must therefore correctly be described as fear of spiders. In colloquial language, "fear" and "fear" are often used synonymously.

3 classification

Fear is a physiological emotion. It only gains disease value when it is triggered for no reason or by inadequate stimuli. A distinction is therefore made between:

3.1 Physiological, justified fear

  • Fear of war
  • Fear of sickness
  • Fear of losing a loved one, etc.

3.2 Pathological, unfounded fear

  • Fear of spiders
  • Fear of elevators
  • Fear of flying

4 symptoms

The symptoms are derived from the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, which is supposed to prepare for flight or fight:

There are also symptoms that cannot be explained by sympathetic excitation:

  • increased bladder and bowel activity
  • uncertainty
  • Disorders of thinking and perception
  • Excitement, possibly panic

These symptoms usually subside quickly after the threat experienced.

5 clinic

If the symptoms of anxiety appear for no reason or as a result of an inadequate stimulus, they are pathological. Then one speaks of an anxiety disorder.