What is the importance of Great Zimbabwe


Robert Gabriel Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924 at the Catholic mission station in Kutama. His birth father was a craftsman who immigrated from Malawi (then Nyassaland) and his mother came from a local society. After graduating from school, he went to study at Fort Hare University in South Africa, but did not join the nationalist students there. At the end of the 1950s he taught in Ghana, where he got to know pan-African visions. When he returned to Rhodesia in 1960, he was promoted to the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU) and played a key role in the separation of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) from the ZAPU in 1963. In 1964 he was imprisoned for ten years along with Joshua Nkomo and other political activists. During that time, he acquired further degrees through distance learning, including in law and administration.

After his release from prison, he dominated political posts in the guerrilla war against the Rhodesian army. He never fought with a weapon himself, but had his office in Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, for a long time. With political independence in 1980 he was first prime minister and defense minister. He was President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 2017. He was accused of leading the country more and more autocratically. The expensive birthday celebrations of the president, which in 2016 according to official figures cost 700,000 euros, are a symbol of the gap between his claim to leadership and the citizens who are marked by repression, massive corruption and problems with basic services. Shortly before, the Mugabe government applied for international aid worth 1.4 billion euros.

From November 14, 2017, a longstanding crisis over the successor to the presidency escalated. It had come to a head in the months before. The military advanced in the capital, Harare. President Robert Mugabe was placed under house arrest. Negotiations with military officials began. In the days that followed, former war veterans, opposition activists and various interest groups from civil society increased the pressure to resign. On Sunday, November 19, 2017, President Robert Mugabe was voted out of office as chairman of the ruling party at noon in a vote by the ZANU-PF Central Committee. In the evening it was announced in individual messages that he would step down as president. Numerous media described a diffuse news situation and waited for possible decisions on November 20 and 21, 2017. On the evening of November 21, 2017, shortly before 6 p.m. local time (5:53 p.m.), it was announced that Robert Mugabe had resigned as President of Zimbabwe.

In addition to a severance payment in the millions - of US $ 5 million in the media - Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace should regularly receive generous cash donations - according to media reports, at least US $ 150,000 a month. At the time of their abdication, the couple also owned numerous lucrative farms, the legal access to which is sometimes doubted, and valuable real estate - luxury villas at home and abroad. According to the media, the entire property was estimated at one billion US dollars years ago, and a lot of money is said to be abroad. Numerous critics have repeatedly accused Mugabe of excessive possession through the plundering of the already impoverished land and the suffering population who depend on international humanitarian aid. Regardless of this, the birthday of ex-President Robert Mugabe, February 21, will henceforth be celebrated as a national holiday and declared "Robert Mugabe National Youth Day". Robert Mugabe died on September 6, 2019. After a dispute between his family and the ruling party over the place of the burial, he was buried in his area of ​​origin.